Statue base for Caesar Maximus, erected by the city of Philippopolis

Monument AE.1248
Editor
Nicolay Sharankov
Type of monument
statue base
Material
marble
Find place
Plovdiv, re-used in a Late Antique bridge construction
Observed in
exhibited at the lapidarium in the Old town of Plovdiv
Origin
Philippopolis
Dimensions
height 172 cm, width 78 cm, depth 58 cm
Institution and inventory
Letter size
height 3.2 cm
Layout description
Decoration description
Text
Category of inscription
honorary inscription for emperors - prose
Date
AD 236 - 238
Dating criteria
office, titulature
Text

Ἀγαθῆι τύχηι.
Τὸν μέγιστον καὶ θειότατον
Καίσαρα ⟦Γ(άιον) Ἰ[ούλιον Οὐῆρον]⟧
[⟦Μάξιμον⟧ Εὐ]τυχῆ Εὐσεβῆ ((·)) Σεβ(αστὸν) ((·)) ⟦[υἱὸν]⟧
5[τ]οῦ μεγίστου καὶ θειοτάτου (vac.1)
Αὐτοκράτορος ⟦Γ(αίου) [Ἰουλίου Οὐήρου]⟧
⟦[Μαξιμείνου]⟧ Εὐτυχοῦς Εὐσεβοῦς
Σεβ(αστοῦ) ((·)) ἡ λαμπροτάτη μητρόπολις
τῆς Θρᾳκῶν ἐπαρχείας Φιλιππόπολις
10τὸν τῆς οἰκουμένης δεσπότην, ὑπα-
[τ]εύοντος τῆς ἐπαρχείας Κλωδίου
[Σα]τορνείνου, πρωταρχοῦντος
[Αὐρ(ηλίου)] Ἀπολλωνίδου Ἀπολλοδώρου,
[τοῦ αὐ]τοῦ καὶ ἐπιμελουμένου
15[ἐκ τῶ]ν ὑπερπαιόντων χρημάτων.
(vac.1)
Εὐτυχῶς.

AΓΑΘHΙΤYΧΗΙ
ΤONMEΓΙΣΤΟNΚΑIΘΕΙOΤΑΤΟN
ΚΑIΣΑΡΑΓI[...... ......]
[....... ..]ΤΥΧHΕYΣΕΒH · ΣΕΒ · [....]
5[.]ΟYMΕΓIΣΤΟΥΚΑIΘΕΙΟΤAΤΟΥ vacat
ΑYΤΟΚΡAΤΟΡΟΣΓ[..............]
[..........]ΕYΤΥΧΟYΣΕYΣΕΒΟYΣ
ΣΕΒ · HΛΑMΠΡΟΤAΤΗMΗΤΡOΠΟΛΙΣ
ΤHΣΘΡAΚΩNEΠΑΡΧΕIΑΣΦΙΛΙΠΠOΠΟΛΙΣ
10ΤONΤHΣΟIΚΟΥMENΗΣΔΕΣΠOΤΗNYΠΑ
[.]ΕYΟNΤΟΣΤHΣEΠΑΡΧΕIΑΣΚΛΩΔIΟΥ
[..]ΤΟΡNΕINΟΥΠΡΩΤΑΡΧΟYNΤΟΣ
[........]AΠΟΛΛΩNIΔΟΥAΠΟΛΛΟΔΩΡΟΥ
[... ..]ΤΟYΚΑIEΠΙMΕΛΟΥMENΟΥ
15[.. ..]NYΠΕΡΠΑΙONΤΩNΧΡΗMAΤΩN
vacat
ΕYΤΥΧΩΣ
Text
To Good Fortune! To the greatest and most divine Emperor Caesar Gaius Iulius Verus Maximus Felix Pius Augustus, son of the greatest and most divine Emperor Gaius Iulius Verus Maximinus Felix Pius Augustus. The most splendid metropolis of the province of Thrace Philippopolis (honoured with this statue) the Lord of the world, when Titus Clodius Saturninus was governor of the province of Thrace, and Aurelius Apollonides son of Apollodorus was first archon; the latter was also in charge (of the erection of the statue), from the surplus funds. May it be fortunate!
⤦ n: 1

tag: lb
Ἀγαθῆι

lemma: ἀγαθός
tag: w
τύχηι

lemma: τύχη
tag: w
.

tag: #text
⤦ n: 2

tag: lb
Τὸν

tag: w
μέγιστον

lemma: μέγας
tag: w
καὶ

tag: w
θειότατον

lemma: θεῖος
tag: w
⤦ n: 3

tag: lb
Καίσαρα

lemma: Καῖσαρ
tag: w
Γάιον Ἰούλιον Οὐῆρον Μάξιμον

type: emperor
ref: Thraxson
tag: persName
Γάιον Ἰούλιον Οὐῆρον

tag: del
Γάιον

tag: name
Ἰούλιον

tag: name

tag: #text
ούλιον

tag: supplied
Οὐῆρον

tag: name
⤦ n: 4

tag: lb
Μάξιμον

tag: name
Εὐτυχῆ

lemma: Εὐτυχής
tag: w
Εὐ

tag: supplied
τυχῆ

tag: #text
Εὐσεβῆ

lemma: Εὐσεβής
tag: w

type: dot
tag: g
Σεβαστὸν

lemma: Σεβαστός
tag: w

type: dot
tag: g
υἱὸν

tag: del
⤦ n: 5

tag: lb
τοῦ

tag: w
τ

tag: supplied
οῦ

tag: #text
μεγίστου

lemma: μέγας
tag: w
καὶ

tag: w
θειοτάτου

lemma: θεῖος
tag: w

quantity: 1
unit: character
tag: space
⤦ n: 6

tag: lb
Αὐτοκράτορος

lemma: Αὐτοκράτωρ
tag: w
Γαίου Ἰουλίου Οὐήρου Μαξιμείνου

type: emperor
ref: Thrax
tag: persName
Γαίου Ἰουλίου Οὐήρου

tag: del
Γαίου

tag: name
Ἰουλίου Οὐήρου

tag: supplied
Ἰουλίου

tag: name
Οὐήρου

tag: name
⤦ n: 7

tag: lb
Μαξιμείνου

tag: del
Εὐτυχοῦς

lemma: Εὐτυχής
tag: w
Εὐσεβοῦς

lemma: Εὐσεβής
tag: w
⤦ n: 8

tag: lb
Σεβαστοῦ

lemma: Σεβαστός
tag: w

type: dot
tag: g

tag: w
λαμπροτάτη

lemma: λαμπρός
tag: w
μητρόπολις

lemma: μητρόπολις
tag: w
⤦ n: 9

tag: lb
τῆς

tag: w
Θρᾳκῶν

type: ethnic
ref: Thrace
tag: placeName
ἐπαρχείας

lemma: ἐπαρχία
tag: w
Φιλιππόπολις

ref: Phil
tag: placeName
⤦ n: 10

tag: lb
τὸν

tag: w
τῆς

tag: w
οἰκουμένης

lemma: οἰκουμένη
tag: w
δεσπότην

lemma: δεσπότης
tag: w
,

tag: #text
ὑπα τεύοντος

lemma: ὑπατεύω
tag: w
ὑπα

tag: #text
⤦ n: 11

break: no
tag: lb
τ

tag: supplied
εύοντος

tag: #text
τῆς

tag: w
ἐπαρχείας

lemma: ἐπαρχία
tag: w
Κλωδίου Σατορνείνου

ref: Saturninus
type: official
nymRef: Κλώδιος Σατορνεῖνος
tag: persName
Κλωδίου

ref: Clodius
nymRef: Κλώδιος
type: gentilicium
tag: name
⤦ n: 12

tag: lb
Σατορνείνου

ref: Saturninus
nymRef: Σατορνῖνος
type: cognomen
tag: name
Σα

tag: supplied
τορνείνου

tag: #text
,

tag: #text
πρωταρχοῦντος

lemma: πρωταρχέω
tag: w
⤦ n: 13

tag: lb
Αὐρηλίου Ἀπολλωνίδου Ἀπολλοδώρου

ref: AT016
type: official
nymRef: Αὐρήλιος Ἀπολλωνίδης Ἀπολλοδώρου
tag: persName
Αὐρηλίου

tag: supplied
Ἀπολλωνίδου

ref: Apollonides
nymRef: Ἀπολλωνίδης
type: cognomen
tag: name
Ἀπολλοδώρου

nymRef: Ἀπολλόδωρος
ref: Apollodorus
tag: name
,

tag: #text
⤦ n: 14

tag: lb
τοῦ

tag: supplied
αὐτοῦ

tag: w
αὐ

tag: supplied
τοῦ

tag: #text
καὶ

tag: w
ἐπιμελουμένου

lemma: ἐπιμελέομαι
tag: w
⤦ n: 15

tag: lb
ἐκ

tag: supplied
τῶν

tag: w
τῶ

tag: supplied
ν

tag: #text
ὑπερπαιόντων

lemma: ὑπερπαίω
tag: w
χρημάτων

lemma: χρῆμα
tag: w
.

tag: #text

tag: lb

quantity: 1
unit: line
tag: space
⤦ n: 16

tag: lb
Εὐτυχῶς

lemma: εὐτυχῶς
tag: w
.

tag: #text
Apparatus
Letters in ligature:
2 νμε, νκ;
4 ηε;
5 με;
7 ου (εὐσεβοῦς);
8 ημη;
9 τησ, ωνε, πο, πο;
10 τησ, με, νησ, την;
11 τησ;
12 νε;
13 ων, ωρ;
14 με (-μένου);
15 πε, ων, ρημ, των;
16 ωσ.
Apparatus:
The text of the inscription follows the edition of Sharankov.
3-4, 6-7 well executed damnatio memoriae of the personal names and the word υἱόν.
Commentary

Gaius Iulius Verus Maximus, son of Emperor Maximinus Thrax, bears the title of Augustus, although he was officially only Caesar (proclaimed in the first months of AD 236). The authorities in Philippopolis probably flattered the imperial family, since they titled Maximus as Augustus in other inscriptions as well: IGBulg 1515; AE 2006, 1247; AE 2006, 1251; and IGBulg 1374.

Marcus Aurelius Apollonides, son of Apollodorus, is attested as first archon of Philippopolis in two more inscriptions: one from Cillae presenting the same text - IGBulg 1515; and the other from Philippopolis, with an almost identical text - AE 2006, 1247. The only difference in the other text from Philippopolis is the name of the provincial governor, which is Simonius Iulianus. The change of the provincial governor apparently took place during the archonship of Apollonides. Clodius Saturninus was seemingly the last governor of Thrace under Emperor Maximinus, because a milestone with his name was prepared but never used (AE 2006, 1251).

Aurelius Apollonides was also archpriest of Philippopolis according to an inscription from Hissar (IGBulg 1476).

We should mention the use of the verb ὑπερπαίω, attested only in some inscriptions from the territories of Philippopolis and Augusta Traiana dated to the second quarter of the III c. AD, always in the same formula (IGBulg 1510; IGBulg 1515; IGBulg 1564; IGBulg 1565; IGBulg 1566; AE 2006, 1247). The city authorities, which erected these inscriptions, were probably trying to avoid accusations of dissipation in a period of economic crisis.

Bibliography
Sharankov, Nicolay. Пет филипополски надписа в чест на император Максимин Тракиец и сина му цезар Максим (235-238). In: Известия на Археологическия институт Vol. 39, 2006, p. 231-242, Vol.. 235-237, Nr. 2, .