Ancient Greek Inscriptions

from Bulgaria

Klada Bg

Milestone for Emperor Maximinus Thrax, erected by the city of Philippopolis

Monument AE.1251
Editor
Nicolay Sharankov.
Type of monument
column
Material
marble
Find place
Plovdiv, re-used in a Late Antique bridge construction
Observed in
exhibited in front of the Regional Archaeological Museum in Plovdiv
Origin
around Plovdiv, re-used in a Late Antique bridge construction
Dimensions
height 160 cm, diam. 54 cm
Institution and inventory
Letter size
height 3.3 cm
Layout description
Column with roughly cut base; inscription in the upper part.
Decoration description
Text
Category of inscription
milestone
Date
AD 236 - 238
Dating criteria
office, titulature
Images
Text

Ἀγαθῆι τύχῃ.
ὑπὲρ ὑγείας καὶ σωτηρίας
καὶ αἰωνίου διαμονῆς
τῶν κυρίων ἡμῶν Αὐτο-
5κρατόρων ((·))Γ((·))((·))(αίου) ⟦Ἰουλ(ίου) ((·)) Οὐήρου⟧
⟦Μαξιμείνου καΓ(αίου) Ἰουλ(ίου) Οὐήρου
Μαξίμου Κασαρος Σ⟧εβ(αστῶν) καὶ τοῦ
σύνπαντος αὐτῶν οἴκου, ὑπατεύοντος
τοῦ λαμπροτάτου ((·))Τ((·))(ίτου) Κλωδίου Σατορνείνου
10ἡ λαμπροτάτη μητρόπολις Φιλ{λ}ιππόπολις
ἐκ τῶν ((·))ἰ((·))δίων χρημάτων.
ια´

AΓΑΘHΙΤYΧH
YΠEΡYΓΕIΑΣΚΑIΣΩΤΗΡIΑΣ
ΚΑIΑIΩNIΟΥΔΙΑMΟNHΣ
ΤΩNΚΥΡIΩNHMΩNΑYΤΟ
5ΚΡΑΤOΡΩN · Γ · · IΟΥΛ · Ο..Ρ.Υ
M.ΞΙ.ΕINΟΥΚ.I.IΟΥΛΟ....Υ
MΑΞIMΟ.ΚΑ.ΣΑΡΟΣΣΕΒΚΑIΤΟY
ΣYNΠΑNΤΟΣΑYΤΩNΟIΚΟΥYΠΑΤΕYΟNΤΟΣ
ΤΟYΛΑMΠΡΟΤAΤΟΥ · Τ · ΚΛΩΔIΟΥΣΑΤΟΡNΕINΟΥ
10HΛΑMΠΡΟΤAΤΗMΗΤΡOΠΟΛΙΣΦΙΛΛΙΠΠOΠΟΛΙΣ
EΚΤΩN · I · ΔIΩNΧΡΗMAΤΩN
ΙΑ
Text
To Good Fortune! For the health, safety and eternal permanence of our lords, the emperors Gaius Iulius Verus Maximinus and Gaius Iulius Verus Maximus Caesar, Augusti, and of their entire family. When Titus Clodius Saturninus, vir clarissimus, was governor of the province, Philippopolis, the most splendid metropolis, [erected this milestone] out of its own funds. 11 [miles from Philippopolis].
⤦ n: 1

tag: lb
Ἀγαθῆι

lemma: ἀγαθός
tag: w
τύχῃ

lemma: τύχη
tag: w
.

tag: #text
⤦ n: 2

tag: lb
ὑπὲρ

lemma: ὑπέρ
tag: w
ὑγείας

lemma: ὑγεία
tag: w
καὶ

tag: w
σωτηρίας

lemma: σωτηρία
tag: w
⤦ n: 3

tag: lb
καὶ

tag: w
αἰωνίου

lemma: αἰώνιος
tag: w
διαμονῆς

lemma: διαμονή
tag: w
⤦ n: 4

tag: lb
τῶν

tag: w
κυρίων

lemma: κύριος
tag: w
ἡμῶν

tag: w
Αὐτο κρατόρων

lemma: Αὐτοκράτωρ
tag: w
Αὐτο

tag: #text
⤦ n: 5

break: no
tag: lb
κρατόρων

tag: #text
Γαίου Ἰουλίου Οὐήρου Μαξιμείνου

type: emperor
ref: Thrax
tag: persName

type: dot
tag: g
Γαίου

tag: name
Ἰουλίου

tag: del
Ἰουλίου

tag: name

type: dot
tag: g
Οὐήρου

tag: del
⤦ n: 6

tag: lb
Μαξιμείνου

tag: name
καὶ

tag: del
Γαίου Ἰουλίου Οὐήρου Μαξίμου

tag: del
Γαίου Ἰουλίου Οὐήρου Μαξίμου

type: emperor
ref: Thraxson
tag: persName
Γαίου

tag: name
Ἰουλίου

tag: name
Οὐήρου

tag: name
Ο

tag: #text
ὐήρο

tag: unclear
υ

tag: #text
⤦ n: 7

tag: lb
Μαξίμου

tag: name
Μαξίμο

tag: #text
υ

tag: unclear
Καίσαρος

tag: del
Σεβαστῶν

lemma: Σεβαστός
tag: w
καὶ

tag: w
τοῦ

tag: w
⤦ n: 8

tag: lb
σύνπαντος

lemma: σύμπας
tag: w
αὐτῶν

tag: w
οἴκου

lemma: οἶκος
tag: w
,

tag: #text
ὑπατεύοντος

lemma: ὑπατεύω
tag: w
⤦ n: 9

tag: lb
τοῦ

tag: w
λαμπροτάτου

lemma: λαμπρός
tag: w
Τίτου Κλωδίου Σατορνείνου

ref: Saturninus
type: official
nymRef: Τίτος Κλώδιος Σατορνεῖνος
tag: persName
Τίτου

ref: Titus
nymRef: Τίτος
tag: name
Κλωδίου

nymRef: Κλώδιος
ref: Clodius
type: gentilicium
tag: name
Σατορνείνου

ref: Saturninus
nymRef: Σατορνεῖνος
type: cognomen
tag: name
⤦ n: 10

tag: lb

tag: w
λαμπροτάτη

lemma: λαμπρός
tag: w
μητρόπολις

lemma: μητρόπολις
tag: w
Φιλλιππόπολις

ref: Phil
tag: placeName
Φιλ

tag: #text
λ

tag: surplus
ιππόπολις

tag: #text
⤦ n: 11

tag: lb
ἐκ

lemma: ἐκ
tag: w
τῶν

tag: w
ἰδίων

lemma: ἴδιος
tag: w

type: dot
tag: g

tag: #text

type: dot
tag: g
δίων

tag: #text
χρημάτων

lemma: χρῆμα
tag: w
.

tag: #text
⤦ n: 12

tag: lb
ια

value: 11
tag: num
Apparatus
Letters in ligature:
6 με;
7 ου (τοῦ);
8 νπ, ων;
9 μπρ, νε, ου;
10 μπρ, ημη;
11 ων (τῶν), ων (ἰδίων).
Apparatus:
The text of the inscription follows the edition of Sharankov with some additional clarifications.
5-7 The erasure of the imperial names was done carelessly and all letters are legible.
11 The initial ·Ι· in ἰδίων is placed between dots.
12 The number of the miles is engraved with larger letters.
Commentary

Gaius Iulius Verus Maximus, son of Emperor Maximinus Thrax, bears the title of Augustus, although he was officially only Caesar (proclaimed in the first months of AD 236). The authorities in Philippopolis probably flattered the imperial family, since they titled Maximus as Augustus in other inscriptions as well: IGBulg 1374 (a milestone with nearly identical text); IGBulg 1515; AE 2006, 1247; and AE 2006, 1248.

The number at the end of the inscription indicates a distance of 11 miles (ca. 16 km), but the milestone was found at the outskirts of Philippopolis, at approximately half a mile from the Eastern gate of the city. If it was once erected at the eleventh mile from Philippopolis, it must have been then brought back to the city in order to be used as building material. It might well have been only prepared, at the very end of Emperor Maximinus the Thracian's rule, and then left in the city after having become useless due to the sudden change of the emperor.

Bibliography


текуща версия 1 / 2022-08-31