Statue base for Julia Mamaea, erected by the Provincial Council of Thrace

Monument AE.1254
Editor
Nicolay Sharankov
Type of monument
statue base
Material
marble
Find place
Plovdiv, re-used in a Late Antique bridge construction
Observed in
exhibited at the lapidarium in the Old town of Plovdiv
Origin
Philippopolis
Dimensions
height 172 cm, width 68 cm, depth 58 cm
Institution and inventory
Letter size
height 3 - 4.9 cm
Layout description
Rectangular statue base, moulded above and below; the upper moulding is adorned with acroteria and a rosette on the front. Two holes for metal clamps on the lower part of the front side, connected with the secondary use of the stone. Inscription on the front; line 1 on the upper moulding. Large part of the inscription is damaged by the water.
Decoration description
Text
Category of inscription
honorary inscription for emperors - prose
Date
AD 222-235
Dating criteria
office, titulature
Text

Ἀγαθῆι τύχηι.
Τὴν τοῦ θειοτάτου
καὶ ἀνεικήτου Αὐτο-
κράτορος <Σ>εβαστὴν
5μητέρα Μ(άρκου) ((·)) Αὐρ(ηλίου) ((·)) Σευή-
ρου ⟦[Ἀλ]εξ[άνδ]ρου⟧
καὶ τῶν ((·))ἱ((·))ερῶν αὐτοῦ
στρατευμάτων ⟦((·))Ἰ((·))ου⟧-
⟦[λίαν Μαμαί]αν⟧ ἡ
10λαμπροτάτη Θρᾳ-
κῶν ἐπαρχεία, ((leaf))
(vac.)
ἐπιμελουμένου
Πο(πλίου) ((·)) Ἀντίου Τήρου
θρᾳκάρχ[ου].

AΓΑΘHΙΤYΧΗΙ
ΤHNΤΟYΘΕΙΟΤAΤΟΥ
ΚΑIANΕΙΚHΤΟΥΑYΤΟ
ΚΡAΤΟΡΟΣ[.]ΕΒΑΣΤHN
5MΗΤEΡΑM · ΑYΡ · ΣΕΥH
ΡΟΥ[..]ΕΞ[...]ΡΟΥ
ΚΑIΤΩN · I · ΕΡΩNΑYΤΟY
ΣΤΡΑΤΕΥMAΤΩN · I · ΟΥ
[.... .....]ΑNH
10ΛΑMΠΡΟΤAΤΗΘΡA
ΚΩNEΠΑΡΧΕIΑ- leaf
vacat
EΠΙMΕΛΟΥMENΟΥ
ΠΟ · ANΤIΟΥΤHΡΟΥ
ΘΡAΚAΡΧ[..]
Text
To Good Fortune! The most brilliant province of Thrace (erected a statue of) Julia Mamaea, the august mother of the divine and invincible emperor Marcus Aurelius Severus Alexander and mother of his sacred military camps. Publius Antius Teres, the thracarch, was in charge.
⤦ n: 1

tag: lb
Ἀγαθῆι

lemma: ἀγαθός
tag: w
τύχηι

lemma: τύχη
tag: w
.

tag: #text
⤦ n: 2

tag: lb
Τὴν

tag: w
τοῦ

tag: w
θειοτάτου

lemma: θεῖος
tag: w
⤦ n: 3

tag: lb
καὶ

tag: w
ἀνεικήτου

lemma: ἀνίκητος
tag: w
Αὐτο κράτορος

lemma: Αὐτοκράτωρ
tag: w
Αὐτο

tag: #text
⤦ n: 4

break: no
tag: lb
κράτορος

tag: #text
Σεβαστὴν

lemma: Σεβαστός
tag: w
Σ

tag: supplied
εβαστὴν

tag: #text
⤦ n: 5

tag: lb
μητέρα

lemma: μήτηρ
tag: w
Μάρκου Αὐρηλίου Σευή ρου Ἀλεξάνδρου

type: emperor
ref: Caracalla
tag: persName
Μάρκου

tag: name

type: dot
tag: g
Αὐρηλίου

tag: name

type: dot
tag: g
Σευή ρου

tag: name
Σευή

tag: #text
⤦ n: 6

break: no
tag: lb
ρου

tag: #text
Ἀλεξάνδρου

tag: name
⤦ n: 7

tag: lb
καὶ

tag: w
τῶν

tag: w
ἱερῶν

lemma: ἱερός
tag: w

type: dot
tag: g

tag: #text

type: dot
tag: g
ερῶν

tag: #text
αὐτοῦ

tag: w
⤦ n: 8

tag: lb
στρατευμάτων

lemma: στράτευμα
tag: w
Ἰου λίαν Μαμαίαν

type: emperor
tag: persName
Ἰου λίαν

tag: name
Ἰου

tag: del

type: dot
tag: g

tag: #text

type: dot
tag: g
ου

tag: #text
⤦ n: 9

break: no
tag: lb
λίαν

tag: del
Μαμαίαν

tag: name

tag: w
⤦ n: 10

tag: lb
λαμπροτάτη

lemma: λαμπρός
tag: w
Θρᾳ κῶν

type: ethnic
ref: Thrace
tag: placeName
Θρᾳ

tag: #text
⤦ n: 11

break: no
tag: lb
κῶν

tag: #text
ἐπαρχεία

lemma: ἐπαρχία
tag: w
,

tag: #text

type: leaf
tag: g

tag: lb

extent: unknown
tag: space
⤦ n: 12

tag: lb
ἐπιμελουμένου

lemma: ἐπιμελέομαι
tag: w
⤦ n: 13

tag: lb
Ποπλίου Ἀντίου Τήρου

type: official
ref: Teres
nymRef: Πόπλιος Ἄντιος Τήρης
tag: persName
Ποπλίου

nymRef: Πόπλιος
ref: Publius
type: praenomen
tag: name

type: dot
tag: g
Ἀντίου

nymRef: Ἄντιος
ref: Antius
type: gentilicium
tag: name
Τήρου

nymRef: Τήρης
ref: Teres
type: cognomen
tag: name
⤦ n: 14

tag: lb
θρᾳκάρχου

lemma: θρᾳκάρχης
tag: w
θρᾳκάρχ

tag: #text
ου

tag: supplied
.

tag: #text
Apparatus
Letters in ligature:
2 ην;
3 νε;
4 ην;
5 μη;
7 ων, ων, ου;
8 ων;
14 πο.
Apparatus:
The text of the inscription follows the edition of Sharankov with some additional clarifications.
5 The letter Μ denoting the abbreviated imperatorial praenomen Μ(άρκου) is larger and is followed by a dot.
7 The initial ·Ι· in ἱερῶν is larger and is placed between dots.
8 The initial ·Ι· in Ἰου- is larger and is placed between dots.
Commentary

The specific title of Julia Mamaea "mother of the emperor's sacred military camps" probably refers to a period of military campaigns. The statue could have been erected on the occasion of an imperial visit in Philippopolis in the winter of AD 233-234, when Severus Alexander, following his eastern campaign of AD 231-233, passed together with his mother Iulia Mamaea through Thrace on his way to the northern border of the Empire.

The names of Severus Alexander and Iulia Mamaea were intentionally erased in AD 235, when the emperor and his mother were murdered and the throne was taken by Maximinus the Thracian.

The statue was erected by the Common council of the province of Thrace (τὸ κοινὸν τῆς Θρᾳκῶν ἐπαρχείας), identified with the province itself in the text. The Thracian Common council (koinon) was established under Emperor Domitian; it consisted of representatives of the provincial cities and had its sessions in Philippopolis. The title of its president was initially "archpriest of the province" (ἀρχιερεὺς τῆς ἐπαρχείας), and then "thracarch" (θρᾳκάρχης).

The thracarch Publius Antius Teres is attested in several inscriptions. He belonged to the noble family of the Antii from Pautalia (modern Kyustendil), on which see the commentary to inscription IGBulg 1537.

Bibliography
Sharankov, Nicolay. Пет филипополски надписа в чест на император Максимин Тракиец и сина му цезар Максим (235-238). In: Известия на Археологическия институт Vol. 39, 2006, p. 231-242, Vol.. 7-8, № 5, .