Ancient Greek Inscriptions

from Bulgaria

Klada Bg

Altar for Zeus Olympios

Monument IGBulg_0473
Editor(s)
Veselin Beševliev, Nicolay Sharankov.
Type of monument
altar
Material
limestone
Find place
in a field near Sozopol, exact findspot unknown
Origin
Apollonia
Observed in
Institution and inventory
Dimensions
height 58 cm, width 28 cm, depth 29 cm
Letter size
height 3.5 - 4.5 cm
Layout description
Altar, moulded above and below on three sides; the back is flat and roughly cut. Width and depth at the lower moulding - 28 x 29 cm; at the upper moulding - both 27.5 cm; the body of the altar is 30 cm h., 20 cm w. and 23 cm th. The top is flat, with a dowel hole 5 x 5 cm in the middle. Inscription on the front surface of the body.
Decoration description
Text
Category of inscription
private dedication - prose
Date
II or III c. AD
Dating criteria
lettering
Images
Text

γαθ[ῇ]
τύχῃ.
Διὸς [Ὀ]-
[λ]υνπί[ου].

...ΓΑ..[...]
ΤYΧH
ΔΙO..[...]
[..]ΥNΠI[....]
To Good Fortune! (Altar) of Zeus Olympios.
⤦ n: 1

tag: lb
Ἀγαθῇ

lemma: ἀγαθός
tag: w

tag: unclear
γα

tag: #text
θ

tag: unclear

tag: supplied
⤦ n: 2

tag: lb
τύχῃ

lemma: τύχη
tag: w
.

tag: #text
⤦ n: 3

tag: lb
Διὸς

type: divine
ref: Zeus
tag: persName
Ὀ λυνπίου

type: divine
ref: Olympius
tag: persName

tag: supplied
⤦ n: 4

break: no
tag: lb
λ

tag: supplied
υνπί

tag: #text
ου

tag: supplied
.

tag: #text
Apparatus
Apparatus:
The complete text of the inscription is read and restored after personal observation by N. Sharankov.
1 Beševliev, IGBulg: Ἀγαθῇ
3-4 Beševliev, IGBulg: ΣΙΡ | ΥΝΩΙ
Commentary

The inscription on the altar gives the name of the deity, to whom it was dedicated, in the genitive; there is no name of a dedicant. The cult of Zeus is attested in two other inscriptions from Apollonia: a column erected by Leonto, wife of the strategos Apollonios son of Eptaikenthos (early first century AD), and a base for a column dedicated by the priest Tiberius Claudius Proculus, probably grandson of Leonto (late first century AD). Both inscriptions were found in re-use, so the location of the sanctuary of Zeus remains unknown.

Bibliography
Бешевлиев, Веселин. Епиграфски приноси. , 1952, Vol.. 16, № 11, .

Woodhead, A.G.. In: Supplementum Epigraphicum Graecum Vol. 15, 1958, p. 148, Vol.. 429, .

Mihailov, Georgius. Inscriptiones Graecae in Bulgaria repertae. Vol. I, 1970.

текуща версия 1 / 2023-07-18