Dedication to Heracles by Chrestus for the guild of the measurers

Monument III.1401bis (=5517)
Editor
Georgi Mihailov
Type of monument
statue base
Material
marble
Find place
Yagodovo, Kofanitsa locality to the north of the village.
Origin
in the vicinities of Philippopolis
Dimensions
height 64 cm, diam. c. 62 cm
Institution and inventory
Regional Archaeological Museum - Plovdiv
No 3444
Letter size
height 1.3 - 2.5 cm
Layout description
Statue base of oval section, moulded in the upper and lower part. The first line is on the upper moulding and the rest is on the shaft. There is a rectangular hole between l. 7 and 8.
Decoration description
Text
Category of inscription
private dedication - prose
Date
second half of II c. AD
Dating criteria
lettering
Images
Text

Ἀγαθῆι τ[ύχηι].
Χρῆστος Τελεσφό-
ρου προμέτρης δεκα-
νεύσας ε´ ἀμέμπτως
5τῷ ἱερωτάτῳ συνεργίῳ
ἐκ τῶν ἰδίων ἀνέθηκα
(vac.) τὸν Ἡρακλέα (vac.)
σὺν [τ] τραπέζῃ.

..ΑΘHΙ.[....]
ΧΡHΣΤΟΣΤΕΛΕΣΦO
ΡΟΥΠΡΟMEΤΡΗΣΔΕΚΑ
NΕYΣΑΣΕAMEMΠΤΩΣ
5ΤΩIΕΡΩΤAΤΩΣΥNΕΡΓIΩ
EΚΤΩNIΔIΩNANEΘΗΚΑ
vacat ΤONHΡΑΚΛEΑ vacat
ΣY.[.].Τ...EΖH
Text
To Good Fortune! Chrestos, son of Telesphoros, a measurer, after being five times faultless president, dedicated to the most sacred guild, at his own expense, this (statue of) Heracles together with the table.
⤦ n: 1

tag: lb
Ἀγαθῆι

lemma: ἁγαθός
tag: w
Ἀγ

tag: unclear
αθῆι

tag: #text
τύχηι

lemma: τύχη
tag: w
τ

tag: unclear
ύχηι

tag: supplied
.

tag: #text
⤦ n: 2

tag: lb
Χρῆστος Τελεσφό ρου

ref: AT129
type: official
tag: persName
Χρῆστος

ref: Chrestus
nymRef: Χρῆστος
tag: name
Τελεσφό ρου

ref: Telesphorus
nymRef: Τελεσφόρος
tag: name
Τελεσφό

tag: #text
⤦ n: 3

break: no
tag: lb
ρου

tag: #text
προμέτρης

lemma: προμέτρης
tag: w
δεκα νεύσας

lemma: δεκανεύω
tag: w
δεκα

tag: #text
⤦ n: 4

break: no
tag: lb
νεύσας

tag: #text
ε

value: 5
tag: num
ἀμέμπτως

lemma: ἀμέμπτως
tag: w
⤦ n: 5

tag: lb
τῷ

tag: w
ἱερωτάτῳ

lemma: ἱερός
tag: w
συνεργίῳ

lemma: συνέργιον
tag: w
⤦ n: 6

tag: lb
ἐκ

lemma: ἐκ
tag: w
τῶν

tag: w
ἰδίων

lemma: ἴδιος
tag: w
ἀνέθηκα

lemma: ἀνατίθημι
tag: w
⤦ n: 7

tag: lb

extent: unknown
unit: character
tag: space
τὸν

tag: w
Ἡρακλέα

type: divine
ref: Heracles
tag: persName

extent: unknown
unit: character
tag: space
⤦ n: 8

tag: lb
σὺν

lemma: σύν
tag: w
σὺ

tag: #text
ν

tag: unclear
τῇ

tag: w
τ

tag: supplied

tag: unclear
τραπέζῃ

lemma: τράπεζα
tag: w
τ

tag: #text
ραπ

tag: unclear
έζῃ

tag: #text
.

tag: #text
Apparatus
Letters in ligature:
2 ησ;
3 ου, πρ, με, ησ;
4 νε, με, μπ, τωσ;
5 τω, ρω, τωσ, νε;
6 τω, ων, νε, ηκ;
8 [τ]η, πε.
Apparatus
The text of the inscription is given according to the edition of Mihailov after a comparison by personal observation by N. Sharankov.
1The first line is engraved on the upper moulding of the pedestal.
7-8The letters are smaller; it is possible that these two lines which describe the dedicated objects were engraved later as an addition to the main text.
Commentary

The dedicant bears Greek name and patronym; the name Chrestus was typical for settlers from Asia Minor. The title of the collegium of measurers lead by him is “most sacred” (ἱερωτάτῳ) which shows its official functions (cf. ἱερωτάτη βουλή, ἱερώτατον ταμεῖον, ἱερὰ γερουσία).

The measurers (προμέτραι, mensores) are officials, who measure goods or land and who formed a guild (συνέργιον). The word προμέτρης occurs only in two other inscriptions from Asia Minor. The guild was likely presided by a δεκανός, one or many: l.3 δεκανεύσας ε', but in IGBulg 917 - δεκανευόντων. The verb δεκανεύω is attested only in inscriptions from Philippopolis. It is not clear whether the entire guild consisted of mensores, or this was only the occupation of Chrestus and other members had different occupations. According to L. Robert who studied all mentions of this occupation, the measurers are connected with grain trade.

Bibliography
Mihailov, Georgius. Inscriptiones Graecae in Bulgaria repertae. Vol. III.1, 1961.

Mihailov, Georgius. Inscriptiones Graecae in Bulgaria repertae. Vol. V, 1997.