Dedication to the Heros of Kellai by Proclus and Eutychianus

Monument III.1519
Editor
Georgi Mihailov
Type of monument
statuette
Material
marble
Find place
Cherna Gora, in a field near the train station
Origin
Cellae
Dimensions
height 38 cm, width 42 cm, depth 8 cm
Institution and inventory
Letter size
height 1.2 cm
Layout description
inscription on the base
Decoration description
The statuette shows the Thracian Rider returning from hunting (so-called type C). The upper part of the Rider and the horse's head, tail, and legs are missing. The horseman rides to the right and carries a killed deer (head missing) with his right hand. In the lower part, under the horse, a lion to the left and three hounds - one to the right, the other two to the left (below the lion). The lion bites the head of the deer and sets his left front paw on the deer's right foreleg. One of the hounds also bites the deer's right foreleg.
Text
Category of inscription
private dedicatory inscription - prose
Date
late II c. - first half of III c. AD
Dating criteria
lettering
Images
Text

Ἀγαθῆι ((·)) τ[ύχηι]. [Α?]ἴλ(ιος)? Πρόκλος ((·)) ἐπι-
κτηνείτης ((·)) σὺν Εὐτυχιανῷ κολλήγᾳ ἐπηκόῳ
θεῷ Ἥρωτι ((·)) Κελλων ((·)) εὐχὴν ((·)) ἐποιήσαμεν ((·)) ὑπὲρ
τῆς ἐνθήκ[ης] καὶ αὑτῶν ((·)) ἐλπίδος.

AΓΑΘHΙ · Τ[.... .]..ΠΡOΚΛΟΣ · EΠΙ
ΚΤΗNΕIΤΗΣ · ΣYNΕYΤΥΧΙΑNΩΚΟΛΛHΓAEΠΗΚOΩ
ΘΕΩHΡΩΤΙ · ΚΕΛΛΩN · ΕYΧHN · EΠΟΙHΣΑMΕN · YΠEΡ
ΤHΣENΘH.[..]Κ.IΑYΤΩN · EΛΠIΔΟΣ
Text
To Good Fortune! I, Aelius (?) Proculus, in charge of the cattle, together with my colleague Eutychianus, fulfilled our vow to the listening god Heros of Kellai, for the sake of the cattle entrusted to us as well as for our own hopes.
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⤦ n: 1

tag: lb
Ἀγαθῆι

lemma: ἀγαθός
tag: w

type: dot
tag: g
τύχηι

lemma: τύχη
tag: w
τ

tag: #text
ύχηι

tag: supplied
.

tag: #text
Αἴλιος Πρόκλος

nymRef: Αἴλιος (?) Πρόκλος
type: official
ref: Proclus
tag: persName
Αἴλιος

ref: Aelius
nymRef: Αἴλιος
type: gentilicium
tag: name
Πρόκλος

ref: Proclus
nymRef: Πρόκλος
type: cognomen
tag: name

type: dot
tag: g
ἐπι κτηνείτης

lemma: ἐπικτηνίτης
tag: w
ἐπι

tag: #text
⤦ n: 2

break: no
tag: lb
κτηνείτης

tag: #text

type: dot
tag: g
σὺν

lemma: σύν
tag: w
Εὐτυχιανῷ

nymRef: Εὐτυχιανός
type: official
ref: Eutychianus
tag: persName
κολλήγᾳ

lemma: κολλήγας
tag: w
ἐπηκόῳ

lemma: ἐπήκοος
tag: w
⤦ n: 3

tag: lb
θεῷ

lemma: θεός
tag: w
Ἥρωτι Κελλων

ref: Heros
type: divine
tag: persName
Ἥρωτι

tag: #text

type: dot
tag: g
Κελλων

ref: Cillae
tag: placeName

type: dot
tag: g
εὐχὴν

lemma: εὐχή
tag: w

type: dot
tag: g
ἐποιήσαμεν

lemma: ποιέω
tag: w

type: dot
tag: g
ὑπὲρ

lemma: ὑπέρ
tag: w
⤦ n: 4

tag: lb
τῆς

tag: w
ἐνθήκης

lemma: ἐνθήκη
tag: w
ἐνθή

tag: #text
κ

tag: unclear
ης

tag: supplied
καὶ

tag: w
κ

tag: #text
α

tag: unclear

tag: #text
αὑτῶν

lemma: ἑαυτοῦ
tag: w

type: dot
tag: g
ἐλπίδος

lemma: ἐλπίς
tag: w
.

tag: #text
Apparatus
Letters in ligature:
2 ηκ;
3 ων, ην, ης;
4 της, ηκ.
Commentary

The office of ἐπικτηνίτης was connected to the logistics of livestock. Evidence from Egypt shows that the ἐπικτηνίτης was in charge of livestock (mostly horses) and other related provisions.

Cellae (Κέλλαι, misspelled Cillae) was a road station on the so-called "Via Diagonalis/Militaris", mentioned in Itinerarium Antonini Augusti and Itinerarium Burdigalense (as 'mansio'). The name Cellae is of Thracian origin and means "font, spring". In the vicinity of Cellae, there was an imperial domain, referred to as "Saltus" in a Late Antique life of martyrs. Proculus and Eutychianus apparently served in the domain, which could explain the use of the Latin loanword "collega". They were probably in charge of the imperial horses like the dedicant in IGBulg 5652.

Bibliography
Mihailov, Georgius. Inscriptiones Graecae in Bulgaria repertae. Vol. III.1, 1961.

Velkov, Velizar. Hagiographic Data on the History of Thrace in the IV c. (Passio SS Maximi, Theodoti et Asclepiodotae). In: Roman Cities in Bulgaria. Collected Studies, 1980, p. 137-149, Vol.. 146-147, .