Dedication to Asclepius by Publius Virdius Bassus

Monument III.1144 + III.1170 (V.5483)
Editor
Nicolay Sharankov, Georgi Mihailov
Type of monument
plate
Material
marble
Find place
Haidushko Kladenche locality near the former village of Batkun
Origin
Sanctuary of Asclepius Zymydrenos near Batkun
Dimensions
height 19 cm, width 33 cm, depth 5 cm
Institution and inventory
Letter size
height 3.5 cm
Layout description
Two joining fragments from the lower part of a votive plate with relief. Inscription on the lower frame.
Decoration description
The relief depicts (left to right) the lower part of a female figure in peplos (Hygeia), base of a round altar entwined by a snake, feet of a male (Asclepius) and feet of a smaller figure (Telesphorus). Traces of red paint have been preserved on the relief and on the inscription. The snake's tail continued (in paint) on the lower frame, which explains the blank spaces after ΒΑΣΣ and ΘΡΑΚΑΡΧ.
Text
Category of inscription
private dedication - prose
Date
AD 215 - 235
Dating criteria
prosopography
Images
Text
above

0[------?]
below

Πό(πλιος) ((·)) Οὐίρδιος Βάσσ(vac.1)ος ἀπὸ στρατείαν
καὶ θρᾳκάρχ(vac.1)ης εὐχήν.
above

0------
below

ΠO · ΟYIΡΔΙΟΣΒAΣΣ vacat ΟΣAΠOΣΤΡΑΤΕIΑN
ΚΑIΘ.AΚAΡΧ vacat ΗΣΕYΧHN
Text
[- - -?] Publius Virdius Bassus, former military officer and thracarch, (dedicated this) votive offering.
⤦ n: 0

tag: lb
< GAP >

extent: unknown
unit: line
⤦ n: 1

tag: lb
Πόπλιος Οὐίρδιος Βάσσος

nymRef: Πόπλιος Οὐίρδιος Βάσσος
ref: Bassus
type: official
tag: persName
Πόπλιος

ref: Publius
nymRef: Πόπλιος
type: praenomen
tag: name

type: dot
tag: g
Οὐίρδιος

ref: Virdius
nymRef: Οὐίρδιος
type: gentilicium
tag: name
Βάσσος

ref: Bassus
nymRef: Βάσσος
type: cognomen
tag: name
Βάσσ

tag: #text

quantity: 1
unit: character
tag: space
ος

tag: #text
ἀπὸ

lemma: ἀπό
tag: w
στρατείαν

lemma: στρατεία
tag: w
⤦ n: 2

tag: lb
καὶ

tag: w
θρᾳκάρχης

lemma: θρᾳκάρχης
tag: w
θ

tag: #text
ρ

tag: unclear
ᾳκάρχ

tag: #text

quantity: 1
unit: character
tag: space
ης

tag: #text
εὐχήν

lemma: εὐχή
tag: w
.

tag: #text
Apparatus
Letters in ligature:
2 πο;
3 ης, ην.
Apparatus:
The two fragments were initially published as separate inscriptions.
There was probably more text on the upper frame above the relief with the names of the deities in the dative.
1-2The vacats on l. 1 and l. 2 are due to the end of the snake's tail once painted on the lower frame.
Commentary

Publius Virdius Bassus belonged to the equestrian family of the Virdii (cf. IGBulg 1174). He is attested in a dedication to Zeus and Hera from Tatarevo (IGBulg 1454) as νεωκόρος (official in charge of the main temple of the imperial cult). The phrase ἀπὸ στρατείαν, with the accusative typical for later Greek instead of the genitive (ἀπὸ στρατείας), translates the Latin formula "a militia" and reflects the military career of P. Virdius Bassus. He appears to have been one of the two sons of Publius Virdius Iulianus, "father of two military tribunes and himself formerly in the army" (πατέρα δύο χειλιάρχων καὶ αὐτὸν ἀπὸ στρατείας) according to an honorary inscription from Philippopolis (AE 2005, 1382).

The sanctuary of Asclepius near Batkun was founded in the early II c. AD under Emperor Trajan and became the most important sanctuary in Roman Thrace. For another member of the family who made a dedication there, M. Virdius Taurus, see IGBulg 1174.

Bibliography
Mihailov, Georgius. Inscriptiones Graecae in Bulgaria repertae. Vol. III.1, 1961.

Mihailov, Georgius. Inscriptiones Graecae in Bulgaria repertae. Vol. V, 1997.

Sharankov, Nicolay. Statue-bases with Honorific Inscriptions from Philippopolis. In: Archaeologia Bulgarica Vol. 9/2, 2005, p. 55-71.