Dedication to Asclepius by M. Virdius Taurus

Monument III.1174
Editor
Georgi Mihailov
Type of monument
plate
Material
marble
Find place
Haidushko Kladenche locality near the former village of Batkun
Origin
Sanctuary of Asclepius Zymydrenos near Batkun
Dimensions
height 30 cm, width 27 - 25 cm, depth 5 cm
Institution and inventory
Letter size
height 1.3 cm
Layout description
Trapezoid votive plate; the text is divided in two parts - it begins on the upper frame and the rest is on the lower frame.
Decoration description
The relief depicts Asclepius standing, giving an egg with his right hand to a snake entwined around his wand; in the lower left corner - a round altar with a garland and a cone on it. To the right - a column with moulded base and capital, with a large egg on it; a snake entwines the column attempting to reach the egg; its tail goes between the feet of Asclepius and ends on the lower frame. A garland with ribbons on its ends adorns the upper part of the plate.
Text
Category of inscription
private dedicatory inscription - prose
Date
II c. AD
Dating criteria
lettering, iconography, onomastics
Images
Text
above

Ἀγαθῆι τύχηι. Ἀσκληπι-
ῶι
below

Ζυλμυσδριηνωι σωτῆρι Μᾶρ-
κος Οὐίρδιος Ταῦρος εὐχαριστή-
5ριον.
above

AΓΑΘHΙΤYΧΗΙAΣΚΛΗΠΙ
ΩΙ
below

ΖΥΛMΥΣΔΡΙΗNΩΙΣΩΤHΡΙMAΡ
ΚΟΣΟYIΡΔΙΟΣΤΑYΡΟΣΕYΧΑΡΙΣΤH
5ΡΙΟN
Text
To Good Fortune! Marcus Virdius Taurus (dedicated this) thank-offering to the saviour Asclepius Zylmysdrienus.
⤦ n: 1

tag: lb
Ἀγαθῆι

lemma: ἀγαθός
tag: w
τύχηι

lemma: τύχη
tag: w
.

tag: #text
Ἀσκληπι ῶι

ref: Asclepius
type: divine
tag: persName
Ἀσκληπι

tag: #text
⤦ n: 2

break: no
tag: lb
ῶι

tag: #text
⤦ n: 3

tag: lb
Ζυλμυσδριηνωι

ref: Zymydrenus
type: divine
tag: persName
σωτῆρι

lemma: σωτήρ
tag: w
Μᾶρ κος Οὐίρδιος Ταῦρος

nymRef: Μᾶρκος Οὐίρδιος Ταῦρος
tag: persName
Μᾶρ κος

ref: Marcus
nymRef: Μᾶρκος
type: praenomen
tag: name
Μᾶρ

tag: #text
⤦ n: 4

break: no
tag: lb
κος

tag: #text
Οὐίρδιος

ref: Virdius
nymRef: Οὐίρδιος
type: gentilicium
tag: name
Ταῦρος

ref: Taurus
nymRef: Ταῦρος
type: cognomen
tag: name
εὐχαριστή ριον

lemma: εὐχαριστήριον
tag: w
εὐχαριστή

tag: #text
⤦ n: 5

break: no
tag: lb
ριον

tag: #text
.

tag: #text
Apparatus
Letters in ligature:
1 ληπ;
2 τηρ;
3 τη.
Apparatus:
2 Due to the lack of space on the upper frame, the last two letters of Ἀσκληπιῶι were added on the right frame.
3-4 The text on l. 3-4 is interrupted by the snake's tail sculpted on the lower frame.
5 The last line is written with much smaller letters.
Commentary

The sanctuary of Asclepius near Batkun was founded in the early II c. AD under Emperor Trajan and became the most important sanctuary in Roman Thrace. The cult was worshipped even in Rome by praetorian soldiers of Thracian origin (CIL VI 2799 = 32543).

The epithet of Asclepios Ζυλμυσδριηνος is characteristic for the sanctuary and appears in several different variants. It is derived from a toponym attested as "Sindrina reg(ionis) Philippopolitanae" in the inscription from Rome CIL VI 16 = 30685.

Marcus Virdius Taurus belonged to the equestrian family of the Virdii (cf. IGBulg 1144+1170, IGBulg 1454 and AE 2005, 1382); on this family, see Sharankov 2005, p. 62-69, Шаранков 2006, p. 191-192.

Bibliography
Mihailov, Georgius. Inscriptiones Graecae in Bulgaria repertae. Vol. III.1, 1961.

Sharankov, Nicolay. Virdii, Munatii, Antii. Знатните римски родове във Филипопол и провинция Тракия. In: Societas Classica, 2006, p. 191-192.