Ancient Greek Inscriptions

from Bulgaria

Klada Bg

Dedication to Apollo Zgulamienus by Tiberius Claudius Sallion

Monument III.1460
Editor(s)
Georgi Mihailov, Nicolay Sharankov.
Type of monument
plate
Material
marble
Find place
to the North-East of the village of Trud
Observed in
Origin
around to the North-East of the village of Trud
Dimensions
height 43 cm, width 37 cm, depth 4 cm
Institution and inventory
Letter size
height 1 - 1.2 cm
Layout description
Decoration description
Relief depicting the Thracian Rider.
Text
Category of inscription
private dedicatory inscription - prose
Date
end of I or beginning of II century AD
Dating criteria
lettering
Images
Text

Ἀπόλλωνι Ζγουλαμιηνωι ἐπηκόωι Τι(βέριος)
Κλαύδιος Σαλλιων μετὰ τῶν ἰδί-
(vac.) ων δῶρον (vac.).

AΠOΛΛΩNΙΖΓΟΥΛΑMΙΗNΩΙEΠΗΚOΩΙΤΙ
ΚΛΑYΔΙΟΣΣΑΛΛΙΩNMΕΤAΤΩNIΔI
vacat ΩNΔΩΡΟN vacat
Text

Tiberius Claudius Sallion (dedicated this) together with his family as a gift to the listening Apollo Zgoulamienus.
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⤦ n: 1

tag: lb
Ἀπόλλωνι

type: divine
ref: Apollo
tag: persName
Ζγουλαμιηνωι

type: divine
ref: Zgoulamenus
tag: persName
ἐπηκόωι

lemma: ἐπήκοος
tag: w
Τιβέριος Κλαύδιος Σαλλιων

nymRef: Τιβέριος Κλαύδιος Σαλλιων
tag: persName
Τιβέριος

ref: Tiberius
nymRef: Τιβέριος
type: praenomen
tag: name
⤦ n: 2

tag: lb
Κλαύδιος

ref: Claudius
nymRef: Κλαύδιος
type: gentilicium
tag: name
Σαλλιων

nymRef: Σαλλιων
ref: Sallion
type: cognomen
tag: name
μετὰ

lemma: μετά
tag: w
τῶν

tag: w
ἰδί ων

lemma: ἴδιος
tag: w
ἰδί

tag: #text
⤦ n: 3

break: no
tag: lb

extent: unknown
unit: character
tag: space
ων

tag: #text
δῶρον

lemma: δῶρον
tag: w

extent: unknown
unit: character
tag: space
.

tag: #text
Apparatus
Letters in ligature:
1 ην, πηκ;
2 νμ.
Apparatus:
The text of the inscription follows the edition of Mihailov and is rendered with changes after a comparison through personal observation by N. Sharankov.
2 The name Κλαύδιος in l. 2 was initially written with omega, ΚΛΑΥΔΙΩΣ.
2 Σαλλιων: Ботушарова Σαλα ζῶν; IGBulg Σαλαζων.
3 The letters in the last line are placed in the central part of the line, with significant spaces between them and with large vacats on both sides.
Commentary

The dedicant is a Roman citizen and bears Roman praenomen and nomen, as well as a Thracian cognomen. The names Tiberius Claudius suggest that the dedicant’s family had been granted Roman citizenship when Thrace was declared a Roman province. The cognomen Sallion is derived from a Thracian root (cf. the personal names Σαλας, Σαλλος) with the Greek suffix -ιων.

Apollo’s epithet is derived with the suffix -ηνος from a toponym, probably *Ζγουλαμια; in other dedications from the same sanctuary the name is also attested as Ζγουλαμηνος, without the ι.

Bibliography
Mihailov, Georgius. Inscriptiones Graecae in Bulgaria repertae. Vol. III.1, 1961.

Ботушарова, Лилия. Оброчни релефи на Аполон от Тракия. In: Annuaire du Musée national archéologique Plovdiv Vol. 3, 1959, p. 145-153.