Statue base for Emperor Marcus Aurelius, erected by the city of Augusta Traiana

Monument II.727
Editor
Georgi Mihailov, Nicolay Sharankov
Type of monument
statue base
Material
limestone
Find place
found in Kaleto locality, near Gostilica village
Observed in
last seen inGostilica
Origin
Discoduraterae
Dimensions
height 176 cm, width 55 cm, depth 53 cm
Institution and inventory
-
No -
Letter size
height 0.35 - 0.55 cm
Layout description
Rectangular base, moulded below; damaged in the upper part; inscription on the front.
Decoration description
Text
Category of inscription
honorary inscription for emperor - prose
Date
175-180 AD
Dating criteria
titulature, reign
Images
Text

Ἀγαθῇ τύχῃ.
Μᾶρκον Αὐρήλιον Ἀν-
τωνεῖνον Αὐτοκράτο-
ρα Γερμανικὸν Σαρματι-
5κὸν Μηδικὸν Παρθι-
κὸν ἡ πόλις ἡ Τραιαν-
έων τὸν αὑτῆς κτίστ-
ην ἐν τῷ ἐνπορίῳ ἐν Δισ-
κοδουρατέραις, ἡγεμο-
10νεύοντος τῆς ἐπαρχίας
Ἀσελ[λ]ίου Αἰμ[ι]λ[ια]νο.

AΓΑΘHΤYΧH
MAΡΚΟNΑYΡHΛΙΟNAN
ΤΩNΕINΟNΑYΤΟΚΡAΤΟ
ΡΑΓΕΡMΑNΙΚONΣΑΡMΑΤΙ
5ΚONMΗΔΙΚONΠΑΡΘΙ
ΚONHΠOΛΙΣHΤΡΑΙΑN
EΩNΤONΑYΤHΣΚΤIΣΤ
ΗNENΤΩENΠΟΡIΩENΔΙΣ
ΚΟΔΟΥΡΑΤEΡΑΙΣHΓΕMΟ
10NΕYΟNΤΟΣΤHΣEΠΑΡΧIΑΣ
AΣΕΛ[.]..Υ...[.].[..].Ο.
Text
To Good Fortune! The city of Traiana [set up a statue] of its founder, Emperor Marcus Aurelius Antoninus Germanicus Sarmaticus Medicus Parthicus, in its emporium in Discoduraterae, under the governor of the province Asellius Aemilianus.
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⤦ n: 1

tag: lb
Ἀγαθῇ

lemma: ἀγαθός
tag: w
τύχῃ

lemma: τύχη
tag: w
.

tag: #text
⤦ n: 2

tag: lb
Μᾶρκον Αὐρήλιον Ἀν τωνεῖνον

type: emperor
ref: MarcusAurelius
tag: persName
Μᾶρκον

tag: name
Αὐρήλιον

tag: name
Ἀν τωνεῖνον

tag: name
Ἀν

tag: #text
⤦ n: 3

break: no
tag: lb
τωνεῖνον

tag: #text
Αὐτοκράτο ρα

lemma: Αὐτοκράτωρ
tag: w
Αὐτοκράτο

tag: #text
⤦ n: 4

break: no
tag: lb
ρα

tag: #text
Γερμανικὸν

lemma: Γερμανικός
tag: w
Σαρματι κὸν

lemma: Σαρματικός
tag: w
Σαρματι

tag: #text
⤦ n: 5

break: no
tag: lb
κὸν

tag: #text
Μηδικὸν

lemma: Μηδικός
tag: w
Παρθι κὸν

lemma: Παρθικός
tag: w
Παρθι

tag: #text
⤦ n: 6

break: no
tag: lb
κὸν

tag: #text

tag: w
πόλις ἡ Τραιαν έων

ref: AugTr
tag: placeName
πόλις

lemma: πόλις
tag: w

tag: w
Τραιαν έων

tag: w
Τραιαν

tag: #text
⤦ n: 7

break: no
tag: lb
έων

tag: #text
τὸν

tag: w
αὑτῆς

lemma: ἑαυτοῦ
tag: w
κτίστ ην

lemma: κτίστης
tag: w
κτίστ

tag: #text
⤦ n: 8

break: no
tag: lb
ην

tag: #text
ἐν

lemma: ἐν
tag: w
τῷ

tag: w
ἐνπορίῳ

lemma: ἐμπόριον
tag: w
ἐν

lemma: ἐν
tag: w
Δισ κοδουρατέραις

ref: Discoduraterae
tag: placeName
Δισ

tag: #text
⤦ n: 9

break: no
tag: lb
κοδουρατέραις

tag: #text
,

tag: #text
ἡγεμο νεύοντος

lemma: ἡγεμονεύω
tag: w
ἡγεμο

tag: #text
⤦ n: 10

break: no
tag: lb
νεύοντος

tag: #text
τῆς

tag: w
ἐπαρχίας

lemma: ἐπαρχία
tag: w
⤦ n: 11

tag: lb
Ἀσελλίου Αἰμιλιανοῦ

type: official
ref: Asellius
nymRef: Ἀσέλλιος Αἰμιλιανός
tag: persName
Ἀσελλίου

nymRef: Ἀσέλλιος
ref: Asellius
type: gentilicium
tag: name
Ἀσελ

tag: #text
λ

tag: supplied
ίο

tag: unclear
υ

tag: #text
Αἰμιλιανοῦ

ref: Aemilianus
nymRef: Αἰμιλιανός
type: cognomen
tag: name
Αἰμ

tag: unclear
ι

tag: supplied
λ

tag: unclear
ια

tag: supplied
ν

tag: unclear
ο

tag: #text

tag: unclear
.

tag: #text
Apparatus
Letters in ligature:
3 αυ;
7 αυ, ησ;
8 ηνε, ντ, ωε, νπ, ωε;
9 τε, ηγ;
10 νε, ντ, ησ.
Apparatus:
The text of the inscription is given according to the edition of Mihailov, except for the name on the last line restored by Sharankov.
11supplied by N. Sharankov according to the suggestion of I. Velkov and G. Mihailov about the name and the traces of letters on the stone.
Commentary

This inscription is the earliest document for the existence of the emporium Discoduraterae. It was located in the northernmost part of the administrative territory of Augusta Traiana, close to the border with the territory of Nicopolis ad Istrum. The emperor is praised as "founder" of Augusta Traiana which could be related to the important building activities in the city during his reign (some of them are epigraphically attested: fortifications, provision market, thermae in Starozagorski Mineralni Bani). The emporium in Discoduraterae was probably founded during the same period. The names of the provincial governor Asellius Aemilianus were subjected to damnatio memoriae after AD 193, when he participated in the war against Septimius Severus on the side of the pretender to the throne Pescennius Niger.

Marcus Aurelius received the honorific names Medicus and Parthicus in AD 166, but they were not official and were rarely used after AD 169; Germanicus was given in AD 172 and Sarmaticus in AD 175, which is the earliest possible date for the inscription.

Bibliography
Димитров, Димитър П.. Zur Geschichte der Stadt Augusta Traiana. In: Bulletin de la Société Historique à Sofia Vol. 11-12, 1931, Vol.. 61-69, .

Mihailov, Georgius. Inscriptiones Graecae in Bulgaria repertae. Vol. II, 1958.

Velkov, Ivan. Антични паметници из България. In: Годишник на Народния музей за 1922-1925 г., 1926, p. 127-159.

Sharankov, Nicolay. Notes on Greek Inscriptions from Bulgaria. In: Studia Classica Serdicensia Vol. V, 2016, p. 305-361.