Statue base for Emperor Caracalla, erected by the city of Augusta Traiana

Monument III.1557
Editor
Georgi Mihailov
Type of monument
base
Material
limestone
Find place
Stara Zagora, discovered at a depth of 5 m in the yard of the house of col. V. Cherepov
Origin
Augusta Traiana
Dimensions
height 180 cm, width 70 cm, depth 55 cm
Institution and inventory
Letter size
height 4 - 5 cm
Layout description
Rectangular statue base, moulded above and below. The upper part is decorated with floral motifs and acroteria. Inscription on the front side. The first line is on the upper moulding.
Decoration description
Text
Category of inscription
honorary inscription for emperor - prose
Date
AD 196 - 217, probably after AD 212
Dating criteria
reign, onomastics
Images
Text

(vac.) Ἀντωνεῖν[ον].
Ἀγαθῆι τύχηι.
Τὴν ἀνάστασιν
κατὰ δόγμα βου-
5λῆς καὶ δήμου Τραι-
ανέων ἐπὶ συναρχί-
ας Αὐρ(ηλίου) Δημητρίου Απ-
φου καὶ ἐπιμελουμέ-
νου τῆς ἀναστάσε-
10ως αὐτοῦ ἐκ τῶν τῆς
πόλεως.

vacat ANΤΩNΕIN[..]
AΓΑΘHΙΤYΧΗΙ
ΤHNANAΣΤΑΣΙN
ΚΑΤAΔOΓMΑΒΟΥ
5ΛHΣΚΑIΔHMΟΥΤΡΑΙ
ΑNEΩNEΠIΣΥNΑΡΧI
ΑΣΑYΡΔΗMΗΤΡIΟΥΑΠ
ΦΟΥΚΑIEΠΙMΕΛΟΥME
NΟΥΤHΣANΑΣΤAΣΕ
10ΩΣΑYΤΟYEΚΤΩNΤHΣ
ΠOΛΕΩΣ
Text
(Statue of) Antoninus. To Good Fortune! The erection (of the statue was done) according to a decree of the Council and the People of (Augusta) Traiana, in the archonship of Aurelius Demetrius son of Apphus, who was also in charge of the erection (of the statue) at the expense of the city.
⤦ n: 1

tag: lb

extent: unknown
unit: character
tag: space
Ἀντωνεῖνον

type: emperor
ref: Caracalla
tag: persName
.

tag: #text
⤦ n: 2

tag: lb
Ἀγαθῆι

lemma: ἀγαθός
tag: w
τύχηι

lemma: τύχη
tag: w
.

tag: #text
⤦ n: 3

tag: lb
Τὴν

tag: w
ἀνάστασιν

lemma: ἀνάστασις
tag: w
⤦ n: 4

tag: lb
κατὰ

lemma: κατά
tag: w
δόγμα

lemma: δόγμα
tag: w
βου λῆς

lemma: βουλή
tag: w
βου

tag: #text
⤦ n: 5

break: no
tag: lb
λῆς

tag: #text
καὶ

tag: w
δήμου

lemma: δῆμος
tag: w
Τραι ανέων

type: ethnic
ref: AugTr
tag: placeName
Τραι

tag: #text
⤦ n: 6

break: no
tag: lb
ανέων

tag: #text
ἐπὶ

lemma: ἐπί
tag: w
συναρχί ας

lemma: συναρχία
tag: w
συναρχί

tag: #text
⤦ n: 7

break: no
tag: lb
ας

tag: #text
Αὐρηλίου Δημητρίου Απ φου

ref: AT013
type: official
nymRef: Αὐρήλιος Δημήτριος Απφου
tag: persName
Αὐρηλίου

ref: Aurelius
nymRef: Αὐρήλιος
type: gentilicium
tag: name
Δημητρίου

ref: Demetrius
nymRef: Δημήτριος
type: cognomen
tag: name
Απ φου

ref: Apphus
nymRef: Ἄπφος
tag: name
Απ

tag: #text
⤦ n: 8

break: no
tag: lb
φου

tag: #text
καὶ

tag: w
ἐπιμελουμέ νου

lemma: ἐπιμελέομαι
tag: w
ἐπιμελουμέ

tag: #text
⤦ n: 9

break: no
tag: lb
νου

tag: #text
τῆς

tag: w
ἀναστάσε ως

lemma: ἀνάστασις
tag: w
ἀναστάσε

tag: #text
⤦ n: 10

break: no
tag: lb
ως

tag: #text
αὐτοῦ

lemma: αὐτός
tag: w
ἐκ

lemma: ἐκ
tag: w
τῶν

tag: w
τῆς

tag: w
⤦ n: 11

tag: lb
πόλεως

lemma: πόλις
tag: w
.

tag: #text
Apparatus
Letters in ligature:
3 ην;
4 ου
5 ησ, ημ, ου, τρ;
6 νε, ωνε;
7 ημη, τρ, ου;
8 ου, με, ου, με;
9 ου, τησ;
10 ωσ, ου, ων, τησ;
11 ως.
Apparatus:
The text of the inscription is compared with the edition of Mihailov through personal observation by N. Sharankov.
Some letters in the inscription are present in different shapes.
2 larger iota in ΑΓΑΘΗΙ and ΤΥΧΗΙ;
6 smaller iotas and upsilon;
7 smaller upsilon in ΑΥΡ;
8 smaller iotas;
9 smaller epsilon;
11 smaller omicron and epsilon.
Commentary

Caracalla received the name Antoninus as Caesar in 196 AD, but the inscription rather honoured him as an August after AD 198, either under his father Septimius Severus (until AD 211), or, more probably, during his own rule (AD 211-217).

There is another statue base from Augusta Traiana with identical text and engraved by the same stone-cutter, erected under the charge of the first archon Aur. Demetrius, but the name of the honoured person is missing (IGBulg 1556). Demetrius is attested as first archon in one more inscription, a statue base for Iulia Domna, erected by the city (IGBulg 1558). Mihailov supposes these statues could have been erected on the occasion of an imperial visit in Thrace in AD 196, 202 or 214. However, the use of the nomen Aurelius rather indicates a date after Caracalla's edict of AD 212.

The patronymic of the first archon, Apphus, is typical for Asia Minor.

Bibliography
Mihailov, Georgius. Inscriptiones Graecae in Bulgaria repertae. Vol. III.2, 1964.