Ancient Greek Inscriptions

from Bulgaria

Klada Bg

Statue base for Emperor Caracalla (?), erected by the city of Augusta Traiana

Monument III.1556
Editor
Georgi Mihailov, Nicolay Sharankov.
Type of monument
base
Material
limestone
Find place
Stara Zagora, re-used in a tower of the Late Antique fortification
Observed in
Origin
around Stara Zagora, re-used in a tower of the Late Antique fortification
Dimensions
height 150 cm, width 52 cm, depth 60 cm
Institution and inventory
Letter size
height 4.5 cm
Layout description
Decoration description
Text
Category of inscription
honorary inscription for an emperor - prose
Date
AD 196 - 217, probably after AD 212
Dating criteria
reign, onomastics
Images
Text

[Ἀντωνεῖνον vel Σευῆρον?]
[Ἀγαθῆι τύχηι].
[Τὴν] ἀνάστασ[ιν]
[κατὰ δ]όγμα βουλῆ[ς]
5[καὶ δήμ]ου Τραιανέω[ν]
[ἐπὶ συν]αρχίας Αὐρ(ηλίου) [Δη]-
[μητρίου] Απφου καὶ ἐπ[ιμε]-
[λουμένου] τῆς ἀνασ[τά]-
[σεως αὐ]τοῦ ἐκ τῶν [τῆς]
10[π]όλεως.

[....................]
[............]
[...]ANAΣΤΑΣ[..]
[.....]OΓMΑΒΟΥΛH[.]
5[......]ΟΥΤΡΑΙΑNEΩ[.]
[......]ΑΡΧIΑΣΑYΡ[..]
[.......]ΑΠΦΟΥΚΑIE.[...]
[........]ΤHΣANΑΣ[..]
[......]ΤΟYEΚΤΩN[...]
10[.]OΛΕΩΣ
Text
[(Statue of) Antoninus (?). To Good Fortune!] The erection (of the statue was done) according to a decree of the Council and the People of (Augusta) Traiana, in the archonship of Aurelius Demetrius son of Apphus, who was also in charge of the erection (of the statue) at the expense of the city.
⤦ n: 1

tag: lb
Ἀντωνεῖνον Σευῆρον

tag: supplied
⤦ n: 2

tag: lb
Ἀγαθῆι τύχηι

tag: supplied
Ἀγαθῆι

lemma: ἀγαθός
tag: w
τύχηι

lemma: τύχη
tag: w
.

tag: #text
⤦ n: 3

tag: lb
Τὴν

tag: w
ἀνάστασιν

lemma: ἀνάστασις
tag: w
ἀνάστασ

tag: #text
ιν

tag: supplied
⤦ n: 4

tag: lb
κατὰ

lemma: κατά
tag: w
δόγμα

lemma: δόγμα
tag: w
δ

tag: supplied
όγμα

tag: #text
βουλῆς

lemma: βουλή
tag: w
βουλῆ

tag: #text
ς

tag: supplied
⤦ n: 5

tag: lb
καὶ

tag: w
δήμου

lemma: δῆμος
tag: w
δήμ

tag: supplied
ου

tag: #text
Τραιανέων

type: ethnic
ref: AugTr
tag: placeName
Τραιανέω

tag: #text
ν

tag: supplied
⤦ n: 6

tag: lb
ἐπὶ

lemma: ἐπί
tag: w
συναρχίας

lemma: συναρχία
tag: w
συν

tag: supplied
αρχίας

tag: #text
Αὐρηλίου Δη μητρίου Απφου

type: official
ref: AT013
nymRef: Αὐρήλιος Δημήτριος Απφου
tag: persName
Αὐρηλίου

ref: Aurelius
nymRef: Αὐρήλιος
type: gentilicium
tag: name
Δη μητρίου

ref: Demetrius
nymRef: Δημήτριος
type: cognomen
tag: name
Δη

tag: supplied
⤦ n: 7

break: no
tag: lb
μητρίου

tag: supplied
Απφου

ref: Apphus
nymRef: Απφος
tag: name
καὶ

tag: w
ἐπιμε λουμένου

lemma: ἐπιμελέομαι
tag: w

tag: #text
π

tag: unclear
ιμε

tag: supplied
⤦ n: 8

break: no
tag: lb
λουμένου

tag: supplied
τῆς

tag: w
ἀναστά σεως

lemma: ἀνάστασις
tag: w
ἀνασ

tag: #text
τά

tag: supplied
⤦ n: 9

break: no
tag: lb
σεως

tag: supplied
αὐτοῦ

lemma: αὐτός
tag: w
αὐ

tag: supplied
τοῦ

tag: #text
ἐκ

lemma: ἐκ
tag: w
τῶν

tag: w
τῆς

tag: w
⤦ n: 10

tag: lb
πόλεως

lemma: πόλις
tag: w
π

tag: supplied
όλεως

tag: #text
.

tag: #text
Apparatus
Letters in ligature:
4 γμ, ου;
5 νε;
7 ου;
8 ησ;
9 ου, ων;
10 ως.
Apparatus:
The text of the inscription follows the edition of Mihailov and is rendered with changes after a comparison through personal observation by N. Sharankov.
1Kazarow restores Ἀντωνεῖνον as in the inscription with identical text IGBulg 1557; Mihailov suggests either Σευῆρον or Ἀντωνεῖνον; Boteva proposes Γέταν.
6IGBulg reads Αὐρη(λίου) with ligature ρη, but there are no traces of an eta; cf. the abbreviation ΑΥΡ (without eta) in the well preserved identical inscription IGBulg 1557.
Commentary

It has been suggested that the inscription could have honoured Caracalla, Septimius Severus or Geta (one could add the name of Iulia Domna as well). The preserved text is identical with that on another statue base from Augusta Traiana honouring Caracalla, erected under the charge of the first archon Aur. Demetrius and engraved by the same stone-cutter (IGBulg 1557). Demetrius is attested as first archon in one more inscription, a statue base for Iulia Domna, erected by the city (IGBulg 1558). Mihailov supposes these statues could have been erected on the occasion of an imperial visit in Thrace in AD 196, 202 or 214. However, the use of the nomen Aurelius rather indicates a date after Caracalla's edict of AD 212.

The patronymic of the first archon, Apphus, is typical for Asia Minor.

Bibliography
Mihailov, Georgius. Inscriptiones Graecae in Bulgaria repertae. Vol. III.2, 1964.