Ancient Greek Inscriptions

from Bulgaria

Klada Bg

Honorary inscription for Iulia Domna, erected by the city of Augusta Traiana

Monument III.1558
Editor(s)
Georgi Mihailov, Nicolay Sharankov.
Type of monument
base
Material
unknown
Find place
Kovach
Observed in
copied by At. Iliev in 1881, now lost.
Origin
around Kovach
Dimensions
Institution and inventory

No —
Letter size
height cm
Layout description
Decoration description
Text
Category of inscription
honorary inscription for an emperor - prose
Date
AD 196 - 217, probably after AD 212
Dating criteria
reign, onomastics
Images
Text

Ἀγαθῆι τύχη[ι].
⸢Μη⸣τέρα κάστρων Ἰου(λίαν) Δόμναν
σεβ(αστὴν) ((·)) ἡ π{τ}όλις ἐπὶ συ⸢ν⸣αρχίας Α[ὐρ(ηλίου)]
Δημητρίου Απφου. Εὐτυχῶς.

AΓΑΘHΙΤYΧΗ[Ι]
ΠΤEΡΑΚAΣΤΡΩNIΟΥΔOMNΑN
ΣΕΒ · HΠΤOΛΙΣEΠIΣΥΛΙΑΡΧIΑΣΑ[.......]
ΔΗMΗΤΡIΟΥΑΠΦΟΥΕYΤΥΧΩΣ
Text
⤦ n: 1

tag: lb
Ἀγαθῆι

lemma: ἀγαθός
tag: w
τύχη[ι]

lemma: τύχη
tag: w
.

tag: #text
⤦ n: 2

tag: lb
ΜηΠτέρα

lemma: μήτηρ
tag: w
Μη

tag: corr
Π

tag: sic
τέρα

tag: #text
κάστρων

lemma: κάστρα
tag: w
Ἰουλίαν Δόμναν

type: emperor
ref: Domna
tag: persName
Ἰουλίαν

tag: name
Δόμναν

tag: name
⤦ n: 3

tag: lb
σεβαστὴν

lemma: σεβαστός
tag: w

type: dot
tag: g

tag: w
πτόλις

lemma: πόλις
tag: w
π

tag: #text
τ

tag: surplus
όλις

tag: #text
ἐπὶ

lemma: ἐπί
tag: w
συνλιαρχίας

lemma: συναρχία
tag: w
συ

tag: #text
ν

tag: corr
λι

tag: sic
αρχίας

tag: #text
Αὐρηλίου Δημητρίου Απφου

type: official
ref: AT013
nymRef: Αὐρήλιος Δημήτριος Απφου
tag: persName
Αὐρηλίου

ref: Aurelius
nymRef: Αὐρήλιος
type: gentilicium
tag: name
⤦ n: 4

tag: lb
Δημητρίου

ref: Demetrius
nymRef: Δημήτριος
type: cognomen
tag: name
Απφου

ref: Apphus
nymRef: Απφος
type: cognomen
tag: name
.

tag: #text
Εὐτυχῶς

lemma: εὐτυχῶς
tag: w
.

tag: #text
Apparatus
Letters in ligature:
2 ων, ου, μν;
4 μη, ου, ου.
Apparatus:
The text of the inscription is given according to the edition of Mihailov with corrections after a comparison with the published copy.
1 Ἀγαθῇ τύχῃ IGBulg, but the facsimile shows the iota adscript in ἀγαθῆι written with a higher letter as in other inscriptions from Augusta Traiana, e.g. IGBulg 1557.
Commentary

The statue of Iulia Domna could have been erected under her husband Septimius Severus or under her son Caracalla. According to Mihailov, the occasion for the honours could be connected with one of the imperial visits in Thrace (in AD 202 and AD 214). The use of the nomen Aurelius probably indicates a date after Caracalla's edict of AD 212.

The first archon Aurelius Demetrius son of Apphus is attested in two more inscriptions on statue bases from Augusta Traiana: IGBulg 1556, for Septimius Severus or Caracalla, and IGBulg 1557, for Caracalla.

The patronymic of the first archon, Apphus, is typical for Asia Minor.

Bibliography
Mihailov, Georgius. Inscriptiones Graecae in Bulgaria repertae. Vol. III.2, 1964.