Honorary decree for C. Veranius by the Artemisias tribe

Monument V.5397
Editor
Georgi Mihailov, Nicolay Sharankov
Type of monument
plate
Material
marble
Find place
Plovidiv, Dragan Manchev Str.
Origin
Philippopolis
Dimensions
height 19 cm, width 18 cm, depth 1.5 cm
Institution and inventory
Regional Archaeological Museum in Plovdiv, in the main exhibition
No II-146
Letter size
height 1-1.2 cm
Layout description
Left part of a marble plate; inscription in tabula ansata.
Decoration description
Text
Category of inscription
honorary inscription for a local magistrate - prose
Date
end of II c. - first half of III c. AD
Dating criteria
lettering
Images
Text

Ἀγαθῇ τύ[χῃ].
Ἔδοξε τῷ κοιν[ῷ φυλῆς]
Ἀρτεμεισιάδος [τιμῆσαι]
Γάιον Οὐηράνιον [---προ]-
5εδρίᾳ καὶ εἰκόν[ι φυλαρχή]-
σαντα καὶ κο[σμίως διοι?]-
κήσαντα. (vac.1) Εὐ[τυχῶς].

AΓΑΘHΤY[..]
EΔΟΞΕΤΩΚΟΙ.[. .....]
AΡΤΕMΕΙΣΙAΔΟΣ[.......]
ΓAΙΟNΟYΗΡANΙΟN---[...]
5ΕΔΡIAΚΑIΕIΚO.[. .......]
ΣΑNΤΑΚΑIΚ.[..... ....]
ΚHΣΑNΤΑ vacat ΕY[.....]
Text
To Good Fortune! The council of the Artemisias tribe decreed to honour Gaius Veranius ---, who was phylarch and administered the tribe respectably, with seat in the front row and a portrait. May it be fortunate!
⤦ n: 1

tag: lb
Ἀγαθῇ

lemma: ἀγαθός
tag: w
τύχῃ

lemma: τύχη
tag: w
τύ

tag: #text
χῃ

tag: supplied
.

tag: #text
⤦ n: 2

tag: lb
Ἔδοξε

lemma: δοκέω
tag: w
τῷ

tag: w
κοινῷ

lemma: κοινόν
tag: w
κοι

tag: #text
ν

tag: unclear

tag: supplied
φυλῆς

tag: supplied
⤦ n: 3

tag: lb
Ἀρτεμεισιάδος

ref: Artemisiada
tag: placeName
τιμῆσαι

tag: supplied
⤦ n: 4

tag: lb
Γάιον Οὐηράνιον

type: official
nymRef: Γάιος Οὐαλεριανὸς
ref: AT034
tag: persName
Γάιον

ref: Gaius
nymRef: Γάιος
tag: name
Οὐηράνιον

nymRef: Ουηράνιος
ref: Veranius
tag: name
< GAP >

extent: unknown
unit: character
προ εδρίᾳ

lemma: προεδρία
tag: w
προ

tag: supplied
⤦ n: 5

break: no
tag: lb
εδρίᾳ

tag: #text
καὶ

tag: w
εἰκόνι

lemma: εἰκών
tag: w
εἰκό

tag: #text
ν

tag: unclear
ι

tag: supplied
φυλαρχή σαντα

lemma: φυλαρχέω
tag: w
φυλαρχή

tag: supplied
⤦ n: 6

break: no
tag: lb
σαντα

tag: #text
καὶ

tag: w
κοσμίως

lemma: κοσμίως
tag: w
κ

tag: #text
ο

tag: unclear
σμίως

tag: supplied
διοι κήσαντα

lemma: διοικέω
tag: w
διοι

tag: supplied
⤦ n: 7

break: no
tag: lb
κήσαντα

tag: #text
.

tag: #text

quantity: 1
unit: character
tag: space
Εὐτυχῶς

lemma: εὐτυχῶς
tag: w
Εὐ

tag: #text
τυχῶς

tag: supplied
.

tag: #text
Apparatus
Letters in ligature:
2 ωκ;
4 ηρ.
Apparatus:
The layout is marked with incised horizontal guidelines. Such were made for 9 lines but the last two remained without text. The stone-cutter spaced the letters in the first 5 lines more tightly, but then realised that there was enough place on the stone and left wider spaces in lines 6-7.
The letters, as well as the hollows at the corners of the tabula ansata are painted red.
4A short cognomen for Gaius Veranius is missing.
6-7 διοικήσαντα or ἐκδικήσαντα.
Commentary

Artemisias was one of the ten phylai (tribes, administrative districts) in Roman Philippopolis, attested also in IGBulg 902; IGBulg 903; IGBulg 1445; IGBulg 5437. The other nine were named Artemisias, Asklepias, Dionysias, Eumolpeis, Hebreis, Herakleis, Kendriseis, Orpheis, Philippeis, Rhodopeis. Each phyle had president (φύλαρχος), priest (ἱερεύς), legal representative (ἔκδικος) and common assembly (κοινόν). Each phyle had its own section, marked with an inscription in the theatre of Philippopolis, where the city assembly took place (IGBulg 5412, cf. Шаранков 2004).

Honouring a magistrate with a seat on the front row (προεδρία) during performances in the theatre and contests in the stadium was typical in Ancient cities. Inscriptions on seats, marking this privilege, are attested in Philippopolis, including one for a phylarch (Claudius Dorzinthes, in the theatre, cf. Шаранков 2004).

Since the inscription is on a slab, and not on a pedestal, it is unknown whether the portrait mentioned in the text as εἰκών refers to a bronze statue or a painted image.

The name of Gaius Veranius shows him as a Roman citizen, as were all the other phylarchs attested in Philippopolis.

Other honorary inscriptions for phylarchs are IGBulg 1473; IGBulg 1474.

Bibliography
Mihailov, Georgius. Inscriptiones Graecae in Bulgaria repertae. Vol. V, 1997.

Sharankov, Nicolay. Бележки и допълнения към няколко надписа от Филипопол. In: Годишник на Археологически музей Пловдив Vol. IX/2, 2004, p. 146-159.