Ancient Greek Inscriptions

from Bulgaria

Klada Bg

Statue base of Publius Virdius Iulianus, set up by the Cendriseis tribe

Monument Tlmn3_0001
Editor(s)
Nicolay Sharankov.
Type of monument
statue base
Material
marble
Find place
Plovdiv, on the orchestra of the Roman theatre
Origin
Philippopolis
Observed in
In situ, in the ancient theatre of Philippopolis, fixed on the orchestra in front of the western door of the stage building.
Institution and inventory

No
Dimensions
height 125 cm, width 82 cm, depth 62 cm
Letter size
height 3 - 4 cm
Layout description
Decoration description
Text
Category of inscription
honorary inscription for local magistrate - prose
Date
AD 214 - 218
Dating criteria
prosopography
Images
Text

[..].[---]
ων ((·))Πό((·))(πλιον) Οὐίρ[διον]
Ἰουλιανν πα[τέ]-
ρα δύο χε[ι]λιάρχων
5καὶ αὐτὸν ἀπὸ στρα-
τείας (vac.) φυλὴ Κεν-
δρεισηϊς, (vac.) ἐκδικοῦν-
τος (vac.) Αὐρ(ηλίου) ((·)) Ῥηβουκένθου,
ἐπιμελουμένου ((·)) Αὐρ(ηλίου) ((·)) Ἀπολ-
10λωνίδου Αἰλ(ίου) ((·)) Οὐάλεντος.
Εὐτυχῶς.

...---
ΩN · ΠO · Ο........[........]
IΟΥΛΙΑN...N....[.....]
ΡΑΔYΟΧΕ[..]ΛΙAΡΧΩ..
5ΚΑIΑYΤONAΠOΣΤΡ..
ΤΕIΑΣ vacat ΦΥΛHΚΕN
ΔΡΕΙΣΗIΣ vacat EΚΔΙΚΟYN
ΤΟΣ vacat ΑYΡ · PΗΒΟΥΚENΘΟΥ
EΠΙMΕΛΟΥMENΟΥ · ΑYΡ · AΠΟ..
10ΛΩNIΔΟΥΑIΛ · ΟYAΛΕNΤΟΣ
ΕYΤΥΧΩΣ
The Cendriseis tribe [set up a statue of] ... Publius Virdius Iulianus, father of two tribunes and he himself formerly served in the army, when Aurelius Rhebucenthus was legal representative [of the tribe], and Aurelius Apollonides, son of Aelius Valens, was in charge [of setting up the statue]. May it be fortunate!
⤦ n: 1

tag: lb
< GAP >

quantity: 2
unit: character
< GAP >

reason: illegible
quantity: 1
unit: character
< GAP >

extent: unknown
unit: character
⤦ n: 2

tag: lb
ων

part: F
tag: w
Πόπλιον Οὐίρδιον Ἰουλιανὸν

nymRef: Πόπλιος Οὐίρδιος Ἰουλιανός
ref: Virdiuspater
tag: persName
Πόπλιον

nymRef: Πόπλιος
ref: Publius
type: praenomen
tag: name
Οὐίρδιον

ref: Virdius
nymRef: Οὐίρδιος
type: gentilicium
tag: name
Ο

tag: #text
ὐίρ

tag: unclear
διον

tag: supplied
⤦ n: 3

tag: lb
Ἰουλιανὸν

nymRef: Ἰουλιανός
ref: Iulianus
type: cognomen
tag: name
Ἰουλιαν

tag: #text

tag: unclear
ν

tag: #text
πατέ ρα

lemma: πατήρ
tag: w
πα

tag: unclear
τέ

tag: supplied
⤦ n: 4

break: no
tag: lb
ρα

tag: #text
δύο

lemma: δύο
tag: w
χειλιάρχων

lemma: χιλίαρχος
tag: w
χε

tag: #text
ι

tag: supplied
λιάρχω

tag: #text
ν

tag: unclear
⤦ n: 5

tag: lb
καὶ

tag: w
αὐτὸν

tag: w
ἀπὸ

lemma: ἀπό
tag: w
στρα τείας

lemma: στρατεία
tag: w
στρ

tag: #text
α

tag: unclear
⤦ n: 6

break: no
tag: lb
τείας

tag: #text

extent: unknown
unit: character
tag: space
φυλὴ

lemma: φυλή
tag: w
Κεν δρεισηϊς

ref: Kendriseis
tag: placeName
Κεν

tag: #text
⤦ n: 7

break: no
tag: lb
δρεισηϊς

tag: #text
,

tag: #text

extent: unknown
unit: character
tag: space
ἐκδικοῦν τος

lemma: ἐκδικέω
tag: w
ἐκδικοῦν

tag: #text
⤦ n: 8

break: no
tag: lb
τος

tag: #text

extent: unknown
unit: character
tag: space
Αὐρηλίου Ῥηβουκένθου

ref: Rebucenthus
nymRef: Αὐρήλιος Ρηβουκενθος
tag: persName
Αὐρηλίου

ref: Aurelius
nymRef: Αὐρήλιος
type: gentilicium
tag: name

type: dot
tag: g
Ῥηβουκένθου

ref: Rebucenthus
nymRef: Ρηβουκενθος
type: cognomen
tag: name
,

tag: #text
⤦ n: 9

tag: lb
ἐπιμελουμένου

lemma: ἐπιμελέομαι
tag: w

type: dot
tag: g
Αὐρηλίου Ἀπολ λωνίδου Αἰλίου Οὐάλεντος

nymRef: Αὐρήλιος Ἀπολλωνίδης Αἰλίου Οὐάλεντος
ref: AurApoll
tag: persName
Αὐρηλίου

ref: Aurelius
nymRef: Αὐρήλιος
type: gentilicium
tag: name

type: dot
tag: g
Ἀπολ λωνίδου

nymRef: Ἀπολλωνίδης
ref: Apollonides
type: cognomen
tag: name
Ἀπο

tag: #text
λ

tag: unclear
⤦ n: 10

break: no
tag: lb
λωνίδου

tag: #text
Αἰλίου

ref: Aelius
nymRef: Αἴλιος
type: gentilicium
tag: name

type: dot
tag: g
Οὐάλεντος

ref: Valens
nymRef: Οὐάλης
type: cognomen
tag: name
.

tag: #text
⤦ n: 11

tag: lb
Εὐτυχῶς

lemma: εὐτυχῶς
tag: w
.

tag: #text
Apparatus
Letters in ligature:
1 πο;
5 τρ;
8 ου (ΚΕΝΘΟΥ);
9 με, με;
10 ων, ντ.
Apparatus:
The text of the inscription follows the edition of Sharankov.
1-2 For the lost beginning of the text, Sharankov suggests [Ἀγαθῆι τύχηι. | Τὸν ἀγωνοθέτην | τῶν πρώτων Πυθί]|ων or [... τῶν πρώτων Πυθί|ων Κενδρεισί]|ων.
2 The abbreviated praenomen Πό(πλιον) is placed between dots.
3 The initial Ι in Ἰουλιανόν is larger.
7 The diaeresis in Κεν|δρεισηΐς is marked with two dots above the iota: ΣΗΪΣ.
8 The abbreviated nomen Αὐρ(ηλίου) is marked with a curved line above the rho and a dot after it.
9 The abbreviated nomen Αὐρ(ηλίου) is placed between dots.
10 The abbreviated nomen Αἰλ(ίου) is marked with a dot after it.
Commentary

Publius Virdius Iulianus belonged to the equestrian family of the Virdii (cf. IGBulg 1144+1170, IGBulg 1174, and IGBulg 1454). His early career was as a lower officer, described with the phrase ἀπὸ στρατείας, corresponding to the Latin "a militiis", apparently without reaching to the military tribunate. His two sons had longer military careers and both reached the rank of military tribune (tribunus militum, χ(ε)ιλίαρχος in Greek). They could be identified with Publius Virdius Iulianus Junior (Πόπλιος Οὐίρδιος Ἰουλιανὸς νέος, χειλίαρχος), a military tribune also honoured with a statue in the theatre, IGBulg V, 5468; and Publius Virdius Bassus, "a militiis" (Πόπλιος Οὐίρδιος Βάσσος, ἀπὸ στρατείαν), in IGBulg 1144+1170.

Publius Virdius Iulianus was probably honoured as agonothete, since the statue base was placed next to another statue base for an agonothete of the games organized by the Thracian Common Council in Philippopolis (AE 2005, 1383). This suggestion is supported by the inscription IGBulg 1040, where the name of one of the agonothetes can be restored as that of Virdius Iulianus: [ἀγωνο]θετού[ντων Πο. Οὐι]ρδίου Ἰου[λιανοῦ] καὶ Αὔλου [---], "when Publius Virdius Iulianus and Aulus --- were agonothetes".

Cendriseis is one of the ten tribes (phylai) of Roman Philippopolis; its name is attested also in an inscription on a seat in the theatre (IGBulg 5412) as well as on another statue base (IGBulg 886). The name of the Cendriseis tribe is connected with the main deity of Philippopolis Apollo Cendrisus/Cendrisenus. On the tribes of Philippopolis and their officials, see the comments to the honorary inscription IGBulg 5397 erected by the Artemisias tribe. For other honorary inscriptions by the tribes of Philippopolis see IGBulg 888 and IGBulg 5468.

Τhe inscription is dated by the name of the legal representative (ἔκδικος) of the tribe. The same means of dating was used in IGBulg 902, IGBulg 903, IGBulg 5433 (Artemisias tribe) and IGBulg 5468 (Eumolpeis tribe).

The cognomen Rhebucenthus suggests the Thracian origin of the ἔκδικος, while the nomen Aurelius indicates that he probably became Roman citizenship in AD 212 with the constitutio Antoniniana. The curator Apollonides also bears the nomen Aurelius (and a cognomen of Greek origin), but the nomen of his father Aelius Valens indicates that the latter (or one of his predecessors) was apparently granted Roman citizenship under Emperor Hadrian or Antoninus Pius (117-161 AD); the Roman cognomen Valens, which was rather frequent among soldiers, could point to a veteran.

Bibliography
Sharankov, Nicolay. Statue-bases with Honorific Inscriptions from Philippopolis. In: Archaeologia Bulgarica Vol. 9/2, 2005, p. 55-71, Vol.. 62-63, Nr. 3, .

текуща версия 3 / 2024-02-22
Tlmn3_0001_V1.xml от 19.07.2023 г.
Tlmn3_0001_V2.xml от 22.02.2024 г.