Honorary inscription for Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus by Philiscus and Gaius

Monument III.902
Editor
Georgi Mihailov
Type of monument
slab
Material
marble
Find place
Plovdiv
Observed in
built in the church Old St. Petka inPlovdiv, now lost.
Origin
Philippopolis
Dimensions
Institution and inventory
Letter size
Layout description
Decoration description
Text
Category of inscription
honorary inscription for emperors - prose
Date
AD 164-165/166
Dating criteria
titulature
Images
Text

Ἀγαθῇ (vac.) τύχῃ.
Ὑπὲρ τῆς τῶν αὐτοκρατόρων νίκης καὶ αἰωνίου διαμονῆς Μ(άρκου) Αὐ-
ρηλίου Ἀντωνείν[ου] καὶ Λ(ουκίου) Αὐρηλίου Οὐήρου Ἀρμενιακῶν Φιλίσκος
καὶ Γάιος οἱ Μάρκου τῇ φυλῇ τῇ ἱερᾷ ἀνέθηκαν Ἀρτεμεισιάδι μετὰ ἱε-
5ρωσύνην, ((leaf)) ἐκδικοῦντος Ἀλφείου Ποσειδωνίου, ((leaf)) ἐπιμελη-
τεύοντος Φλαουίου Εὐδαίμονος τοῦ καὶ Φλαουιανοῦ.

AΓΑΘH vacat ΤYΧH
YΠEΡΤHΣΤΩNΑYΤΟΚΡΑΤOΡΩNNIΚΗΣΚΑIΑIΩNIΟΥΔΙΑMΟNHΣMΑY
ΡΗΛIΟΥANΤΩNΕIN[..]ΚΑIΛΑYΡΗΛIΟΥΟYHΡΟΥAΡMΕNΙΑΚΩNΦΙΛIΣΚΟΣ
ΚΑIΓAΙΟΣΟIMAΡΚΟΥΤHΦΥΛHΤHIΕΡAANEΘΗΚΑNAΡΤΕMΕΙΣΙAΔΙMΕΤAIΕ
5ΡΩΣYNΗN- leaf EΚΔΙΚΟYNΤΟΣAΛΦΕIΟΥΠΟΣΕΙΔΩNIΟΥ- leaf EΠΙMΕΛΗ
ΤΕYΟNΤΟΣΦΛΑΟΥIΟΥΕYΔΑIMΟNΟΣΤΟYΚΑIΦΛΑΟΥΙΑNΟY
Text
To Good Fortune! For the victory and eternal permanence of the emperors Marcus Aurelius Antoninus Armeniacus and Lucius Aurelius Verus Armeniacus - Philiscus and Gaius sons of Marcus dedicated (this) to the sacred tribe Artemisias after their priesthood, when Alfius Posidonius was the legal representative (of the tribe) and Flavius Eudaemon, who is also named Flavianus, was in charge.
⤦ n: 1

tag: lb
Ἀγαθῇ

lemma: ἀγαθός
tag: w

extent: unknown
unit: character
tag: space
τύχῃ

lemma: τύχη
tag: w
.

tag: #text
⤦ n: 2

tag: lb
Ὑπὲρ

lemma: ὑπέρ
tag: w
τῆς

tag: w
τῶν

tag: w
αὐτοκρατόρων

lemma: Αὐτοκράτωρ
tag: w
νίκης

lemma: νίκη
tag: w
καὶ

tag: w
αἰωνίου

lemma: αἰώνιος
tag: w
διαμονῆς

lemma: διαμονή
tag: w
Μάρκου Αὐ ρηλίου Ἀντωνείνου

ref: MarcusAurelius
type: emperor
tag: persName
Μάρκου

tag: name
Αὐ ρηλίου

tag: name
Αὐ

tag: #text
⤦ n: 3

break: no
tag: lb
ρηλίου

tag: #text
Ἀντωνείνου

tag: name
Ἀντωνείν

tag: #text
ου

tag: supplied
καὶ

tag: w
Λουκίου Αὐρηλίου Οὐήρου

type: emperor
ref: LuciusVerus
tag: persName
Λουκίου

tag: name
Αὐρηλίου

tag: name
Οὐήρου

tag: name
Ἀρμενιακῶν

lemma: Ἀρμενιακός
tag: w
Φιλίσκος

nymRef: Φιλίσκος Μάρκου
type: official
ref: AT135
tag: persName
Φιλίσκος

nymRef: Φιλίσκος
ref: Filiscus
tag: name
⤦ n: 4

tag: lb
καὶ

tag: w
Γάιος

nymRef: Γάιος Μάρκου
type: official
ref: AT139
tag: persName
Γάιος

nymRef: Γάιος
ref: Gaius
tag: name
οἱ

tag: w
Μάρκου

tag: persName
τῇ

tag: w
φυλῇ

lemma: φυλή
tag: w
τῇ

tag: w
ἱερᾷ

lemma: ἱερός
tag: w
ἀνέθηκαν

lemma: ἀνατίθημι
tag: w
Ἀρτεμεισιάδι

ref: Artemisiada
tag: placeName
μετὰ

lemma: μετά
tag: w
ἱε ρωσύνην

lemma: ἱερωσύνη
tag: w
ἱε

tag: #text
⤦ n: 5

break: no
tag: lb
ρωσύνην

tag: #text
,

tag: #text

type: leaf
tag: g
ἐκδικοῦντος

lemma: ἐκδικέω
tag: w
Ἀλφείου Ποσειδωνίου

type: official
ref: AT133
nymRef: Ἄλφιος Ποσειδώνιος
tag: persName
Ἀλφείου

nymRef: Ἄλφειος
ref: Alfius
type: gentilicium
tag: name
Ποσειδωνίου

ref: Posidonius
nymRef: Ποσειδώνιος
type: cognomen
tag: name
,

tag: #text

type: leaf
tag: g
ἐπιμελη τεύοντος

lemma: ἐπιμελητεύω
tag: w
ἐπιμελη

tag: #text
⤦ n: 6

break: no
tag: lb
τεύοντος

tag: #text
Φλαουίου Εὐδαίμονος τοῦ καὶ Φλαουιανοῦ

type: official
ref: AT134
nymRef: Φλαούιος Εὐδαίμων, ὁ καὶ Φλαουιανός
tag: persName
Φλαουίου

nymRef: Φλαούιος
ref: Flavius
type: gentilicium
tag: name
Εὐδαίμονος

nymRef: Εὐδαίμων
ref: Eudaimon
type: cognomen
tag: name
τοῦ

tag: w
καὶ

tag: w
Φλαουιανοῦ

nymRef: Φλαουιανός
ref: Flavianus
tag: name
.

tag: #text
Apparatus
Apparatus:
The text of the inscription is given according to the edition of Mihailov with corrections after a comparison with the extant copies.
The line division varies in the editions. For the present edition, we suggest that the lines were longer, as in Kemplen's copy of 1740 (and similarly to inscription IGBulg 904), and that each group of a longer and a shorter line in Marsili's edition of 1726 actually represents a single line in the original.
Commentary

Inscription IGBulg 904 could represent the preserved upper part of this monument.

The inscription belongs to the joint rule of Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus. A more precise date is provided by the title Armeniacus which Lucius Verus took in the autumn of AD 163, and Marcus Aurelius in the first half of AD 164; there is no mention of the two emperors' later titles Medicus (accepted by both in mid-166) and Parthicus Maximus (accepted by Verus in August or September 165, and by Marcus Aurelius - in mid-166).

Artemisias was one of the ten phylai (tribes, administrative districts) in Roman Philippopolis, attested also in IGBulg 903; IGBulg 1445; IGBulg 5397; IGBulg 5437. On the tribe and its officials, see the comment to inscription IGBulg 5397.

The names of the two former priests of the tribe follow the Greek onomastic pattern with a given name and a patronymic, while the legal representative Alfius Posidonius and the curator Flavius Eudaemon were Roman citizens with a Roman gentilicium and a Greek cognomen; Flavius Eudaemon bears an additional, unofficial name, Flavianus, apparently derived from his Roman nomen Flavius. The priest Philiscus has a Greek given name, while his brother Gaius and their father Marcus use Roman praenomina as single names. Alfius Posidonius, with a full name Gaius Alfius Posidonius, is attested as a legal representative (ἔκδικος) of the Artemisias tribe in IGBulg 903, an inscription about the dedication of seats in a building belonging to the tribe; his name is also restored in a fragment from an inscription with identical text, IGBulg 5433. The same two inscriptions, IGBulg 903 and 5433, attest the curator Flavius Eudaemon named also Flavianus; his name can also be restored in IGBulg 5437, a small fragment mentioning the Artemisias tribe.

Bibliography
Mihailov, Georgius. Inscriptiones Graecae in Bulgaria repertae. Vol. III.1, 1961.