Ancient Greek Inscriptions

from Bulgaria

Klada Bg

Statue base for Emperor Trajan, erected by the archpriest Tiberius Claudius Polemarchus

Monument III.880
Editor
Georgi Mihailov, Nicolay Sharankov.
Type of monument
statue base
Material
marble
Find place
Between Plovdiv and Tsaratsovo, re-used in the road pavement
Observed in
Origin
around Between Plovdiv and Tsaratsovo, re-used in the road pavement
Dimensions
height 39 cm, width 71 cm, depth 45 cm
Institution and inventory
Letter size
height 4 - 5 cm
Layout description
Middle part of rectangular base, broken above and below; inscription on the front.
Decoration description
Text
Category of inscription
honorary inscription for emperors - prose
Date
AD 103-114
Dating criteria
titulature
Images
Text

[Αὐτοκράτορα]
[Νέρου]αν [Τραια]-
νὸν Καίσαρα Σε-
βαστὸν Γερμανι-
5κὸν Δακικὸν (vac.)
Τι(βέριος) Κλαύδιος Πολέ-
μαρχος ἀρχιερεύς
[------?]

[...........]
[.....]..[.....]
NONΚΑIΣΑΡΑΣΕ
ΒΑΣΤONΓΕΡMΑNΙ
5ΚONΔΑΚΙΚON vacat
ΤΙΚΛΑYΔΙΟΣΠΟΛE
MΑΡΧΟΣAΡΧΙΕΡΕYΣ
------
Text
The archpriest Tiberius Claudius Polemarchos (erected this statue of) [Emperor Nerv]a [Traia]nus Caesar Augustus Germanicus Dacicus [...?]
⤦ n: 1

tag: lb
Αὐτοκράτορα

lemma: Αὐτοκράτωρ
tag: w
⤦ n: 2

tag: lb
Νέρουαν Τραια νὸν

ref: Traianus
type: emperor
tag: persName
Νέρουαν

tag: name
Νέρου

tag: supplied
αν

tag: unclear
Τραια νὸν

tag: name
Τραια

tag: supplied
⤦ n: 3

break: no
tag: lb
νὸν

tag: #text
Καίσαρα

lemma: Καῖσαρ
tag: w
Σε βαστὸν

lemma: Σεβαστός
tag: w
Σε

tag: #text
⤦ n: 4

break: no
tag: lb
βαστὸν

tag: #text
Γερμανι κὸν

lemma: Γερμανικός
tag: w
Γερμανι

tag: #text
⤦ n: 5

break: no
tag: lb
κὸν

tag: #text
Δακικὸν

lemma: Δακικός
tag: w

extent: 5
unit: character
tag: space
⤦ n: 6

tag: lb
Τιβέριος Κλαύδιος Πολέ μαρχος

ref: Polemarchus
type: official
nymRef: Τιβέριος Κλαύδιος Πολέμαρχος
tag: persName
Τιβέριος

ref: Tiberius
nymRef: Τιβέριος
type: praenomen
tag: name
Τιβέριος

tag: expan
Τι

tag: abbr
βέριος

tag: ex
Κλαύδιος

ref: Claudius
nymRef: Κλαύδιος
type: gentilicium
tag: name
Πολέ μαρχος

ref: Polemarchus
nymRef: Πολέμαρχος
type: cognomen
tag: name
Πολέ

tag: #text
⤦ n: 7

break: no
tag: lb
μαρχος

tag: #text
ἀρχιερεύς

lemma: ἀρχιερεύς
tag: w

tag: lb
< GAP >

extent: unknown
unit: line
Apparatus
Apparatus:
The text of the inscription is compared with the edition of Mihailov through personal observation by N. Sharankov.
Commentary

The honorific names of the emperor include Germanicus (received in November AD 97) and Dacicus (received at the end of AD 102), but not Ἄριστος = Optimus (received before 3-4 May AD 114) and Parthicus (received on AD 116 20-21 February). That sets the date between AD 103 and AD 114 (and not AD 116, as in Mihailov).

The praenomen and the nomen of the archpriest Tiberius Claudius Polemarchus indicate that his family had received Roman citizenship soon after the establishment of the Roman province of Thrace. It is unclear whether he was the archpriest of Philippopolis or of the entire province (of the Thracian koinon).

Bibliography
Добруски, Вацлав. Няколко древни надписи намерени в България. In: Периодическо списание Vol. 5/23-24, 1888, Vol.. 798, № 2., .

Mihailov, Georgius. Inscriptiones Graecae in Bulgaria repertae. Vol. III.2, 1964.