Funerary inscription for the veteran Aurelius Posidonius by Aurelius Pyrrhus and Aurelia Chryseis

Monument III.1007 = V.5447
Editor
Georgi Mihailov, Nicolay Sharankov
Type of monument
slab
Material
marble
Find place
Plovdiv, built in an ancient tomb in the South necropolis of the city.
Origin
Philippopolis
Dimensions
height 42 cm, width 47 cm, depth 6.5 cm
Institution and inventory
Letter size
height 1 - 2 cm
Layout description
Slab with rounded upper end; the lower right corner is damaged. The inscription is surrounded on all sides by blank spaces of similar width.
Decoration description
Text
Category of inscription
funerary inscription - prose
Date
III c. AD, after 212
Dating criteria
lettering, onomastics
Images
Text

Αὐρ(ήλιος) ((·)) Πύρρος ὁ καὶ Ταῦρος
\ἡ σύνβιος αὐτοῦ/
καὶ Αὐρ(ηλία) ((·)) Χρυσηῒς Πρόκλου ((·)) Αὐρ(ηλίῳ) ((·)) Ποσειδωνίῳ
παλαιστρατιώτῃ ἐν τῷ κοιμητηρίῳ κατε-
5σκεύασαν θήκην ἐκ τῶν ἰδίων
μνείας χάριν. ἀνεξοδίαστόν τε εἶναι τούτου,
μὴ ἕτερον καταθέσθαι· ἐὰν δέ τις τολμήσει,
δώσει τῷ ἱερῷ ταμείῳ *(δηνάρια) ,γ´ καὶ τ[ῇ πόλει]
(vac.) ἄλλο τοσοῦτ[ον].

ΑYΡ · ΠYΡΡΟΣOΚΑIΤΑYΡΟΣ
HΣYNΒΙΟΣΑYΤΟY
ΚΑIΑYΡ · ΧΡΥΣΗIΣΠΡOΚΛΟΥ · ΑYΡ · ΠΟΣΕΙΔΩNIΩ
ΠΑΛΑΙΣΤΡΑΤΙΩΤHENΤΩΚΟΙMΗΤΗΡIΩΚΑΤΕ
5ΣΚΕYΑΣΑNΘHΚΗNEΚΤΩNIΔIΩN
MNΕIΑΣΧAΡΙNANΕΞΟΔIΑΣΤONΤΕΕINΑΙΤΟYΤΟΥ
MHEΤΕΡΟNΚΑΤΑΘEΣΘΑΙEANΔEΤΙΣΤΟΛMHΣΕΙ
ΔΩΣΕΙΤΩIΕΡΩΤΑMΕIΩ*ΓΚΑIΤ[. .....]
vacat AΛΛΟΤΟΣΟYΤ[..]
Text
Aurelius Pyrrhus, who is also named Taurus, and Aurelia Chryseis, daughter of Proculus – his wife – prepared, at their own expense, this sarcophagus in the cemetery in memory of the veteran Aurelius Posidonius. It should belong inalienably to him, and no other (body) should be put in it. And if someone dares (to violate this), he shall pay 3000 denarii to the imperial treasury, and the same amount to the city.
⤦ n: 1

tag: lb
Αὐρήλιος Πύρρος ὁ καὶ Ταῦρος

nymRef: Αὐρήλιος Πύρρος ὁ καὶ Ταῦρος
tag: persName
Αὐρήλιος

ref: Aurelius
nymRef: Αὐρήλιος
type: gentilicium
tag: name

type: dot
tag: g
Πύρρος

nymRef: Πύρρος
ref: Pyrrhus
type: cognomen
tag: name

tag: w
καὶ

tag: w
Ταῦρος

nymRef: Ταῦρος
ref: Taurus
tag: name
⤦ n: 2

tag: lb
ἡ σύνβιος αὐτοῦ

tag: add

tag: w
σύνβιος

lemma: σύμβιος
tag: w
αὐτοῦ

lemma: αὐτός
tag: w
⤦ n: 3

tag: lb
καὶ

tag: w
Αὐρηλία Χρυσηῒς Πρόκλου

nymRef: Αὐρηλία Χρυσηῒς Πρόκλου
tag: persName
Αὐρηλία

ref: Aurelia
nymRef: Αὐρηλία
type: gentilicium
tag: name

type: dot
tag: g
Χρυσηῒς

nymRef: Χρυσηΐς
ref: Chryseis
type: cognomen
tag: name
Πρόκλου

ref: Proclus
nymRef: Πρόκλος
tag: name

type: dot
tag: g
Αὐρηλίῳ Ποσειδωνίῳ

ref: AT006
type: attested
nymRef: Αὐρήλιος Ποσειδώνιος
tag: persName
Αὐρηλίῳ

ref: Aurelius
nymRef: Αὐρήλιος
type: gentilicium
tag: name

type: dot
tag: g
Ποσειδωνίῳ

nymRef: Ποσειδώνιος
ref: Posidonius
type: cognomen
tag: name
⤦ n: 4

tag: lb
παλαιστρατιώτῃ

lemma: παλαιστρατιώτης
tag: w
ἐν

lemma: ἐν
tag: w
τῷ

tag: w
κοιμητηρίῳ

lemma: κοιμητήριον
tag: w
κατε σκεύασαν

lemma: κατασκευάζω
tag: w
κατε

tag: #text
⤦ n: 5

break: no
tag: lb
σκεύασαν

tag: #text
θήκην

lemma: θήκη
tag: w
ἐκ

lemma: ἐκ
tag: w
τῶν

tag: w
ἰδίων

lemma: ἴδιος
tag: w
⤦ n: 6

tag: lb
μνείας

lemma: μνεία
tag: w
χάριν

lemma: χάρις
tag: w
.

tag: #text
ἀνεξοδίαστόν

lemma: ἀνεξοδίαστος
tag: w
τε

tag: w
εἶναι

lemma: εἰμί
tag: w
τούτου

lemma: οὗτος
tag: w
,

tag: #text
⤦ n: 7

tag: lb
μὴ

lemma: μή
tag: w
ἕτερον

lemma: ἕτερος
tag: w
καταθέσθαι

lemma: κατατίθημι
tag: w
·

tag: #text
ἐὰν

lemma: ἐάν
tag: w
δέ

lemma: δέ
tag: w
τις

lemma: τις,τι
tag: w
τολμήσει

lemma: τολμάω
tag: w
,

tag: #text
⤦ n: 8

tag: lb
δώσει

lemma: δίδωμι
tag: w
τῷ

tag: w
ἱερῷ

lemma: ἱερός
tag: w
ταμείῳ

lemma: ταμεῖον
tag: w
*δηνάρια

lemma: δηνάριον
tag: w

value: 3000
tag: num
καὶ

tag: w
τῇ

tag: w
τ

tag: #text

tag: supplied
πόλει

tag: supplied
⤦ n: 9

tag: lb

extent: unknown
unit: character
tag: space
ἄλλο

lemma: ἄλλος
tag: w
τοσοῦτον

lemma: τοσοῦτος
tag: w
τοσοῦτ

tag: #text
ον

tag: supplied
.

tag: #text
Apparatus
Letters in ligature:
3 ου;
6 ου (τούτου);
7 νκ, ησ;
9 ου.
Apparatus:
The text of the inscription is compared to the edition of Mihailov through personal observation by N. Sharankov.
1 The initial A on l. 1 is larger.
Some letters are attested in the monument in several different shapes: three different types of epsilon and sigma, two types of mu, upsilon, omega.
2 L. 2 is an addition to Αὐρ(ηλία) Χρυσηῒς Πρόκλου written later with smaller letters in the space between l. 1 and l. 3.
1 There’s a curved line over the abbreviated nomen Αὐρ(ήλιος) on l. 1.
Commentary

All three persons mentioned in the inscriptions were granted Roman citizenship and received the nomen Aurelius through the Edict of Emperor Caracalla of AD 212 for giving Roman citizenship to all free subjects of the Roman Empire. Their original names, which became their cognomina, are of Greek origin. Besides his two official names, Aurelius Pyrrhus bears also the nickname Taurus ("Bull").

It is worth noting the use of the word κοιμητήριον (cemetery), a deverbative of κοιμάω (to sleep, rest), which became common after the spread of Christianity.

Ἀνεξοδίαστον is a formula typical for the inscriptions in Bithynia and was probably brought to Philippopolis from there. (See also IGBulg 992).

Two fines of equal amount were provided - one for the city and another for the imperial treasury. The latter was identified through the epithet "sacred" (ἱερὸν ταμεῖον), which was used for the official institutions in the Roman imperial period.

Bibliography
Mihailov, Georgius. Inscriptiones Graecae in Bulgaria repertae. Vol. III.1, 1961.