Ancient Greek Inscriptions

from Bulgaria

Klada Bg

Honorary inscription for Emperor Marcus Aurelius (?)

Monument III.904
Editor
Georgi Mihailov.
Type of monument
base
Material
marble
Find place
Plovdiv, re-used in the apse of the church Old St. Petka
Observed in
Origin
around Plovdiv, re-used in the apse of the church Old St. Petka
Dimensions
height 14 cm, width 97 cm, depth 52 cm
Institution and inventory
Letter size
height 1.5 - 2 cm
Layout description
Upper part of a rectangular statue base; inscription on the front; epigraphic field within a frame.
Decoration description
The frame around the epigraphic field is decorated with Lesbian cyma.
Text
Category of inscription
honorary inscription for emperor - prose
Date
AD 161-169, 177-180 or 211
Dating criteria
titulature
Images
Text

(vac.) Ἀγαθῇ (vac.) τύχῃ.(vac.)
Ὑπὲρ τῆς τῶν Αὐτοκρατόρων νίκης καὶ αἰωνίου διαμονῆς Μ(άρκου) Αὐ-
[ρηλίου Ἀντωνείνου καί ------]

vacat AΓΑΘH vacat ΤYΧH vacat
YΠEΡΤHΣΤΩNΑYΤΟΚΡΑΤOΡΩNNI..ΣΚΑIΑIΩN..ΥΔΙΑMΟNHΣMΑY
[...................]------
Text

To Good Fortune! For the victory and eternal permanence of the emperors Marcus Aurelius Antoninus and ...
⤦ n: 1

tag: lb

extent: unknown
unit: character
tag: space
Ἀγαθῇ

lemma: ἀγαθός
tag: w

extent: unknown
unit: character
tag: space
τύχῃ

lemma: τύχη
tag: w
.

tag: #text

extent: unknown
unit: character
tag: space
⤦ n: 2

tag: lb
Ὑπὲρ

lemma: ὑπέρ
tag: w
τῆς

tag: w
τῶν

tag: w
Αὐτοκρατόρων

lemma: αὐτοκράτωρ
tag: w
νίκης

lemma: νίκη
tag: w
νί

tag: #text
κη

tag: unclear
ς

tag: #text
καὶ

tag: w
αἰωνίου

lemma: αἰώνιος
tag: w
αἰων

tag: #text
ίο

tag: unclear
υ

tag: #text
διαμονῆς

lemma: διαμονή
tag: w
Μάρκου Αὐ ρηλίου Ἀντωνείνου

type: emperor
ref: MarcusAurelius
tag: persName
Μάρκου

tag: name
Αὐ ρηλίου

tag: name
Αὐ

tag: #text
⤦ n: 3

break: no
tag: lb
ρηλίου

tag: supplied
Ἀντωνείνου

tag: supplied
καί

tag: supplied
< GAP >

extent: unknown
unit: line
Apparatus
Apparatus:
The text of the inscription is compared with the edition of Mihailov through personal observation by N. Sharankov.
2 The first letter in l. 2 Υ (in ὑπέρ) and the initial letter of the emperor's name Μ are much larger.
Commentary

The inscription honours two emperors, the first of them being a Marcus Aurelius. This could point to the joint rules of Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus (AD 161-169); Marcus Aurelius and Commodus (AD 177-180); or Caracalla (official name Marcus Aurelius Antoninus) and Geta (AD 211).

As suggested by G. Mihailov, this fragment is seemingly the surviving upper part of the lost inscription IGBulg 902, which was observed in the same church (Old St. Petka) and had an identical beginning. If that identification is accepted, the date of the inscription must be set to AD 164-165/6.

Bibliography
Mihailov, Georgius. Inscriptiones Graecae in Bulgaria repertae. Vol. III.1, 1961.