Ancient Greek Inscriptions

from Bulgaria

Klada Bg

Dedication to Zeus and Hera by Publius Virdius Bassus

Monument III.1454
Editor(s)
Georgi Mihailov.
Type of monument
plate
Material
marble
Find place
in the Ajazmoto locality, app. 2 km. to the East of the village of Tatarevo
Observed in
Origin
around in the Ajazmoto locality, app. 2 km. to the East of the village of Tatarevo
Dimensions
height 32 cm, width 32 cm, depth 5 cm
Institution and inventory
Letter size
height 1.5 cm
Layout description
The inscription is on the frame above and below the relief.
Decoration description
The relief depicts Zeus and Hera standing and performing libation with phialae in their right hands over burning altars. To the left of Zeus - an eagle, to the left of Hera - the three Nymphs.
Text
Category of inscription
private dedicatory inscription - prose
Date
AD 215-235
Dating criteria
prosopography
Images
Text
above the anaglyph

Θεοῖς ἐπηκώοις (vac.3) Διὶ καὶ Ἥρᾳ
below the anaglyph

Πό(πλιος) ((·)) Οὐίρδιος Βάσσος νεωκόρος      
εὐχήν.
above the anaglyph

ΘΕΟIΣEΠΗΚΩΟΙΣ vacat ΔΙIΚΑIHΡA
below the anaglyph

ΠO · ΟYIΡΔΙΟΣΒAΣΣΟΣNΕΩΚOΡΟΣ     
ΕYΧHN
Text
To the listening gods Zeus and Hera. Publius Virdius Bassus, warden of the imperial temple, (dedicated) this votive offering.
⤦ n: 1

tag: lb
Θεοῖς

lemma: θεός
tag: w
ἐπηκώοις

lemma: ἐπήκοος
tag: w

quantity: 3
unit: character
tag: space
Διὶ

type: divine
ref: Zeus
tag: persName
καὶ

tag: w
Ἥρᾳ

type: divine
ref: Hera
tag: persName
⤦ n: 1

tag: lb
Πόπλιος Οὐίρδιος Βάσσος

type: official
ref: Bassus
nymRef: Πόπλιος Οὐίρδιος Βάσσος
tag: persName
Πόπλιος

ref: Publius
nymRef: Πόπλιος
type: praenomen
tag: name

type: dot
tag: g
Οὐίρδιος

nymRef: Οὐίρδιος
ref: Virdius
type: gentilicium
tag: name
Βάσσος

nymRef: Βάσσος
ref: Bassus
type: cognomen
tag: name
νεωκόρος

lemma: νεωκόρος
tag: w
     

tag: #text
⤦ n: 2

tag: lb
εὐχήν

lemma: εὐχή
tag: w
.

tag: #text
Apparatus
Letters in ligature:
1 ηκ;
2 πο, ου, νε, ωκ;
3 ην.
Commentary

Publius Virdius Bassus belonged to the equestrian family of the Virdii (cf. IGBulg 1174). He is attested in a dedication to Asclepius from the sanctuary near the village of Batkun (IGBulg V.5483) as thracarches. He appears to have been one of the two sons of Publius Virdius Iulianus, “father of two military tribunes and himself formerly in the army” (πατέρα δύο χειλιάρχων καὶ αὐτὸν ἀπὸ στρατείας) according to an honorary inscription from Philippopolis (AE 2005, 1382).

Bibliography
Mihailov, Georgius. Inscriptiones Graecae in Bulgaria repertae. Vol. III.1, 1961.